World War One Test Review Format Multiple Choice Matching Fill in the Blanks Who Am I? Definitions and Significance Short Answer Propaganda Poster Analysis Review: Canada’s Relationship with Britain ● Many Canadians were of British heritage and had relatives living there, so they viewed Britain as the “mother country” ● This is why many Canadians volunteered to enlist in the army, so they could help their “mother country” ● At this time Canada controlled internal affairs and Britain controlled its foreign affairs Long and Short Term Causes of WW1 ➔ Long Term Cause: MAIN ● Militarism-Refers to the building of a strong military force (building a strong military force causes fear and tension but you feel prepared) ● Alliance System-Refers to treaties pacts made between countries intended to keep peace (With tensions rising in Europe, alliances were made to ensure protection and give assistance in the event of war) ● Imperialism-Refers to extending one’s power by acquiring territory or establishing economic or political control over another country (the territories added to a country’s economy because they were rich in natural resources and served as another market to sell goods) ● Nationalism-Refers to a feeling of deep patriotism and loyalty to one’s nation (this lead to contempt against enemy countries and a desire to win against them) ➔ Short Term Cause: Archduke’s assassination ● Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated when they went on a military visit in Sarajevo, Bosnia ● The Archduke was the heir of Austria-Hungary and assassinated by a group of nationalists based in Serbia called The Black Hand ● Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia and gave them 3 ultimatums, but Serbia could not agree to the last one which would give Austria-Hungarian officials some governmental power in Serbia so Austria-Hungary declared war Triple Entente and Triple Alliance Members
● Entente: Britain, France, Russia, (Serbia with Russia) ● Triple Alliance: Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany WW1 Weapons ● Tank-Heavy armoured fighting vehicle carrying guns and moving on a continuous articulated metal ● Machine Gun-Mounted gun that can shoot 600-1200 rounds per minute ● U-Boat-They are diesel powered submarines that were armed with torpedoes ● Plane-Used for more advance attacks like shooting or spying from the air, and it was a new way to fight ● Zeppelin-Metal blimp filled with Hydrogen that can be used to bomb the enemy suddenly ● Flamethrowers-A weapon used for short range that can throw fire approximately 10 feet ● Battleships-Heavily armoured warships and equipped with powerful arms Battles of WW1(Ypres/Somme/Passchendaele/Vimy Ridge) ● The Second Battle of Ypres was where the Germans used Chlorine gas to create a huge hole between the French front lines making them retreat, however, Canadian troops moved in and used a cloth in which they had peed to crystallise the Chlorine since they
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- Winter '19
- jane millow
- World War I