CRIM 105 FINAL STUDY SHEET

CRIM 105 FINAL STUDY SHEET - Social Control Theory...

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Social Control Theory 17/12/2007 23:02:00 What are control theories and what is implied about human nature? Social control theory looks at why people don’t commit crime.  They say  people are naturally deviant and they need motivation to not commit crime. What are the stakes in conformity? People don’t commit crime because of status in conformity or attachments in  society What are the components of Nye’s and Reckless’  control theories? Nye     o Internalized- given by parents.  If you have this then you don’t need  anything else o Indirect- ties of affection to other conforming people o Direct- control from society, police, informal controls o Needs satisfaction- if you have the ability to satisfy your needs then  you can use this as a control.   Reckless     o Containment theory- If you have the necessary controls you are  contained away from crime o Inner- from parents, formed by age 12, most important o Outer- society, police, community  What are the four bonds according to Hirschi ? Attachment- ties of affection, doesn’t matter who you are tied with, as long as  you have those ties Commitment- investing yourself in conventional activities Involvement- spending time doing things which leaves no time to do  something wrong Belief- a belief in a specific common value system (i.e.- religion) Do studies find more support for socialization or selection? Studies conclude that they both are correct because if you are delinquent  then you hang out with people like you and learn more delinquent things
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Self Control Theory 17/12/2007 23:02:00 What is Robin’s Paradox ? Antisocial adults were almost like children, but antisocial children aren’t  always antisocial adults (some stay the same, some change) How do Gottfreidson and Hirschi  describe and define crime? Crime is normal, requires very little planning, provides immediate gratification  for offenders and rarely receives a large gain What is low self control? The inability to defer immediate gratification How does it develop and at what age? o
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course CRIM 105 taught by Professor Povitsky during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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CRIM 105 FINAL STUDY SHEET - Social Control Theory...

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