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Reconstruction Era•Legacy of War and ReconstructionoThe North Retreatso“Redemption”oCompromise of 1877oLimits to Changeo“Jim Crow” South•Reconstruction – included a few yrs during the CW and the 12 yrs after that up to 1877oRelates to the civil rights movement and big gov’t1.April 1865 – the union won the CWoDid not win peace; Militarily wonoForced the S. to abolish slaveryoCong. for the most part up to 1877 was controlled by the Repubs.1.Radical Repubs were leaders2.Were more liberal when it came to freedom for slaves and gov’t spending2.Tried to reconstruct the S.3.Rely less on Ag.4.Secure the rights of blacks5.More conservative Repubs and very conservative Dems opposed such issues.6.Blacks began to win seats in leg.oOnly when northern military presence7.Guerilla war – led by conservative groups oex – KKK1.Began as a confederate veterans org, but evolved to what it is today2.Attempted to thwart the attempts to grant equal rights to AA1.The North Retreatsa.Violence began to cripple black voting power.b.KKK did their best to intimidate AA to not votingc.15thAmendment granted voting rights to AAd.The N. was pretty racist tooi.Wanted to abolish slavery but not much else.ii.Lincoln wanted to bring the S. back peacefullye.Northerners were getting tired of caringi.Attitude was not good for AA southernersf.1873 – economic depressioni.During dep. Most people tend to ignore issues (i.e. black rights)ii.More pressure on Congress to let it go and remove soldiers.g.1874 – Dems gain control in the house for the 1sttime in 18 yrs.i.Wake up call for Repubs
ii.Repubs decided to “not care” as much on issuesh.Civil Rights Act of 1874i.US Supreme Court axed some of the provisionsii.Many of the Rad Repubs either died or were voted out of office.iii.Charles Sumpneriv.Ams. Didn’t like the idea of standing armies (in general)1.becoming more concerned w/ eco. dep., big business, labor strikes, immigration, unrest in frontiera.1876 – NA win Big battle at Little Big Hornb.Gen. Custard killedc.Want to send soldiers in the south to the frontieri.President U.S. Grant (1868)i.Hero of CWii.One of the worse presidentsiii.Gets taken advantage ofiv.Made “friends” on cabinet in key depts. And they stole money, sold federal lands and pocket the moneyv.1872 reelected (corruption continues)vi.Resistance to change in the S. continues2.Period of “redemption”a.1876 – conservative white Dems controls S. gov’t in all but 4 statesi.Louisiana, S. Carolina, Mississippi and ?b.Army presence declinesc.Guerillas scarring AA and Rad Repubs into not votingd.Thomas Naste.Concise end to reconstruction in 1877i.Already on the declineii.S. resistance is high 3.Compromise of 1877a.Dem candidate – Samuel L. Tilden (NY Governor) in 1876 pres. electioni.W/ south reunited, good chance that Dems might winb.Rep. candidate – Rutherford B. Hayesc.Tilden won pop vote, but not electoral votei.Tilden – 184 electoral votes – 51% of pop voteii.Hayes – 185 electoral votes – 47.9% pop voteiii.*19 electoral votes were disputed* 1.Louisiana, Florida, and S. Carolina are thought to be corrupt.