Lecture Notes - Reconstruction Era Legacy of War and Reconstruction o The North Retreats o\"Redemption o Compromise of 1877 o Limits to Change o\"Jim Crow

Lecture Notes - Reconstruction Era Legacy of War and...

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Reconstruction Era Legacy of War and Reconstruction o The North Retreats o “Redemption” o Compromise of 1877 o Limits to Change o “Jim Crow” South Reconstruction – included a few yrs during the CW and the 12 yrs after that up to 1877 o Relates to the civil rights movement and big gov’t 1. April 1865 – the union won the CW o Did not win peace; Militarily won o Forced the S. to abolish slavery o Cong. for the most part up to 1877 was controlled by the Repubs. 1. Radical Repubs were leaders 2. Were more liberal when it came to freedom for slaves and gov’t spending 2. Tried to reconstruct the S. 3. Rely less on Ag. 4. Secure the rights of blacks 5. More conservative Repubs and very conservative Dems opposed such issues. 6. Blacks began to win seats in leg. o Only when northern military presence 7. Guerilla war – led by conservative groups o ex – KKK 1. Began as a confederate veterans org, but evolved to what it is today 2. Attempted to thwart the attempts to grant equal rights to AA 1. The North Retreats a. Violence began to cripple black voting power. b. KKK did their best to intimidate AA to not voting c. 15 th Amendment granted voting rights to AA d. The N. was pretty racist too i. Wanted to abolish slavery but not much else. ii. Lincoln wanted to bring the S. back peacefully e. Northerners were getting tired of caring i. Attitude was not good for AA southerners f. 1873 – economic depression i. During dep. Most people tend to ignore issues (i.e. black rights) ii. More pressure on Congress to let it go and remove soldiers. g. 1874 – Dems gain control in the house for the 1 st time in 18 yrs. i. Wake up call for Repubs
ii. Repubs decided to “not care” as much on issues h. Civil Rights Act of 1874 i. US Supreme Court axed some of the provisions ii. Many of the Rad Repubs either died or were voted out of office. iii. Charles Sumpner iv. Ams. Didn’t like the idea of standing armies (in general) 1. becoming more concerned w/ eco. dep., big business, labor strikes, immigration, unrest in frontier a. 1876 – NA win Big battle at Little Big Horn b. Gen. Custard killed c. Want to send soldiers in the south to the frontier i. President U.S. Grant (1868) i. Hero of CW ii. One of the worse presidents iii. Gets taken advantage of iv. Made “friends” on cabinet in key depts. And they stole money, sold federal lands and pocket the money v. 1872 reelected (corruption continues) vi. Resistance to change in the S. continues 2. Period of “redemption” a. 1876 – conservative white Dems controls S. gov’t in all but 4 states i. Louisiana, S. Carolina, Mississippi and ? b. Army presence declines c. Guerillas scarring AA and Rad Repubs into not voting d. Thomas Nast e. Concise end to reconstruction in 1877 i. Already on the decline ii. S. resistance is high 3. Compromise of 1877 a. Dem candidate – Samuel L. Tilden (NY Governor) in 1876 pres. election i. W/ south reunited, good chance that Dems might win b. Rep. candidate – Rutherford B. Hayes c. Tilden won pop vote, but not electoral vote i. Tilden – 184 electoral votes – 51% of pop vote ii. Hayes – 185 electoral votes – 47.9% pop vote iii. *19 electoral votes were disputed* 1. Louisiana, Florida, and S. Carolina are thought to be corrupt.

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