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Running head: ASSESSMENT & ADDICTIONS & CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS1Unit 5 Assignment: Assessment of Addiction and Co-occurring DisordersSharee WilliamsCourse Number: 5108 Melissa Bridges05/12/19Assessment of Addiction and Co-occurring Disorders
ASSESSMENTS2Substance abuse is a complex issue that “affects an estimated 25 million Americans” (Mental Health America, 2013). Although it is easy to stereotype drug abuses as weak-willed in-dividuals with loose morals, research suggests that consistent drug abuse can impact the brain in a way that makes resistance nearly impossible. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “most drugs affect the brain's "reward circuit," causing euphoria as well as flooding it with the chemical messenger dopamine” (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2018). When an in-dividual’s body is flooded with intense pleasure, the individual is likely to repeatedly engage in that behavior. In the right circumstances, this phenomenon can help people to develop healthy habits however under the wrong circumstances an individual can become addicted to illicit drugs. According to Kaplan et al., it is a counselor’s role to develop “a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals” (Kaplan et al., 2014 p. 368). As a counselor, regardless of one’s spe-cialization, the likelihood of working with clients who suffer from substance abuse is essentially an inevitability within the profession. Consequently, it is essential for the counselor to learn how to adequately treat individuals who suffer from addiction so that that individual can achieve well-ness, and become empowered. The purpose of this article is to analyze a case study to determine how to assess someone with an addiction.ClientDerek, a 30-year-old homosexual Puerto Rican male, that was admitted to the hospital due to a hand injury. According to witnesses, prior to the injury, Derek was involved in a fight that took place at a local nightclub when he mistakenly missed his intended victim and hit a nearby wall. While at the hospital, the Emergency Room (ER) physician decided to run a full as-
ASSESSMENTS3sessment when Derek stated that “he was the best lawyer in Miami and the ER doctor better not “screw up” the best shot he’d ever have to get out of that “crummy little hospital” (Capella Uni-versity, n.d.). While waiting on the test results, the ER doctor called Derek’s partner William who reluctantly confirmed that he recently “found a small baggie of white powder” in Derek’s belonging which he suspects is methamphetamine. He informed the ER doctor about the conver-sation that he had with Derek’s brother Angel, that seems to indicate past methamphetamine abuse. According to William, Derek has been very agitated and keyed up. As a result, the ER doctor referred to the hospital’s on-call crisis worker.