Running head: THE EVERLASTING EFFECT OF BEING ADDICTED AT BIRTH Overacre 1 The Everlasting Effect of Being Addicted at BirthDesi R. Overacre The College of Southern IdahoAuthor NoteThis essay was prepared for English Composition 2 with Shelley McEuen Howard.
THE EVERLASTING EFFECT OF BEING ADDICTED AT BIRTH Overacre 2AbstractThis paper explores the topic of addiction in pregnant mothers and how it plays a role on the newborn directly after birth, years following, and the rest of their lives. For depth on this topic, multiple scholarly-based sources will be used to display different sides to the subject matter. A main idea that will be focused on is ways the effects of being addicted at birth has on a newborn human and how long after birth it continues to make a difference in their life. A study published in 1996 by doctors Cernerud, Eriksson, Jonsson, Steneroth, and Zetterstrom showcases sixty-fivedifferent children who were all born to women who abused amphetamine during pregnancy. These children have been studied from birth to 14-15 years old and the results are mind-blowing.Other topics that will be covered include the mother’s experience, what actually occurs in the body of both the addicted mother and the baby, the legality of the issue, and overall, how this situation is handled. Keywords: pregnancy, addiction, mother, newborns, drugs, fetal addiction
THE EVERLASTING EFFECT OF BEING ADDICTED AT BIRTH Overacre 3The Everlasting Effect of Being Addicted at BirthNumerous studies have been conducted that showcase the effects of various drug addictions on the human adult body. These studies display individuals that are extremely dependent on these drugs and how hard it is to live, or even function, without them. Imagine all of these same side effects on a seven-pound, eight-ounce newborn child that is nowhere near as strong as a full-grown adult. The results of addiction on a newborn can leave imprints on the family’s, doctor’s, and nurse’s lives forever, but more importantly, can be a serious life altering obstacle for the child. There are approximately 10% of pregnant women who are active users of alcohol and 5.4% of women have been reported to use illicit drugs during their pregnancy. These numbers have increased exponentially in the last 30-40 years (Patterson, 2018, n.p). This paper examines a handful of scholarly-based sources to give the best data and research to explain why there is a need for lowering the rates of addiction in pregnancy.From the moment of conception to the actual birth day, there will be a rollercoaster of emotions that the mother will experience. Many pregnancies that are dealing with addiction are usually something many people know of as an unplanned pregnancy. No matter what the circumstance, most women do not have planned pregnancies when they are heavy abusers of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, simply because they know that it can be harmful on the fetus and themselves. When women are unaware of their pregnancy and are around two months along, it can be too late, and the fetus can already be heavily affected by the intakes of the mother. This is