Course Project Roman Architecture.docx - Course Project...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

Course Project: ROMAN ARCHITECTURE 1 Roman Architecture Adrian Del Rosario DeVry University Humanities 303
Roman Architecture 2 The Romans are considered amongst the greatest architects of ancient times. To accomplish this, the Romans adapted certain aspects of Ancient Greek architecture while creating a new architectural style. As a matter fact, the Romans were also great innovators and they quickly adopted new construction techniques, used new materials, and uniquely combined existing techniques with creative design to produce a whole range of new architectural structures such as the basilica, triumphal arch, monumental aqueduct, amphitheatre, granary building, and residential housing block (Cartwright, 2013). In addition, the Romans continue to follow the guidelines established by the classical orders and began to build key buildings that we know today that are still in use. Classical Orders: Roman architect continued to follow the guidelines established by the classical orders of the Greeks. They are: Doric, Ionic and Corinthians. According to Cartwright “The Corinthian was particularly favoured and many Roman buildings, even into Late Antiquity, would have a particularly Greek look to them” (2013). The romans made their own ideas of creation their own version of Corinthians capital which became much more decorative. As a matter of fact, the Romans also created the composite capital which mixed ionic order with the acanthus leaves of the Corinthian. According to Alchin, “Corinthian Roman columns were often surmounted by a more ornamented entablature. The third level of the arches at the Colosseum are framed by half columns of the Corinthian order or style” (2015). One of the oldest Corinthian columns stands inside the 5 th century temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae. The second classical order is: Doric. According to Dietsch & Stern, “The oldest, simplest, and most massive of the three Greek orders is the Doric, which was applied to temples beginning in the 7th century B.C” (2016). Their shafts are sculpted with concave curves called flutes. The
Roman Architecture 3 capitals are plain with a rounded section at the bottom. The entablature has a distinctive frieze decorated with vertical channels, or triglyphs. In between the triglyphs they are spaces called metopes which are commonly sculpted with figures and ornamentation. Triglyphs appears to been center above every column which represents at the end of the wooden beams as used for post and beam construction. As a matter of fact, one or two triglyphs appears between the columns. Metopes appears to located between the triglyphs which help support the triglyphs weight. Not to mention, below each triglyphs are used to lock or stabilize the beams. According

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture