Study Guide

Study Guide - 1. "Black Jack" Pershing - led the American...

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1. “Black Jack” Pershing - led the American Expeditionary Force in World War I; was responsible for the organization, training, and supply of an inexperienced force that eventually grew from 27,000 men to over two million soldiers 2. “Triple Wall of Privilege” - the tariff, the banks, and the trusts; President Wilson called for an all-out “war” against them 39. Reconstruction Finance Corporation - was an Independent agency of the United States government chartered during the administration of Herbert Hoover in 1932. The agency advanced $2 billion in loans to state and local governments and to banks, railroads, farm mortgage associations, and other businesses, funding, for example, the construction of the original Hayden Planetarium. The RFC also had a division that would give the states loans for emergency relief needs. The RFC was bogged down in bureaucracy and failed to disperse many of its funds. It failed to stem the tide of mass unemployment of the Great Depression. The failure of the RFC helped to lead to the election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt 40. A second front 41. Adolf Hitler 3. African American migration - African Americans out of the rural Southern United States from 1914 to 1950. Most moved to large industrial cities, such as New York City; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Baltimore, Maryland; Detroit, Michigan; Chicago, Illinois; St. Louis, Missouri; and Los Angeles, California, as well as to many smaller industrial cities. 42. Allied bombing campaigns 43. Allied invasion of Italy 4. Allied Powers - France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, Italy and the United States 44. Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan 45. Bataan Death March 46. Battle of the Bulge 47. Benito Mussolini 48. Bonus Expeditionary Force - was an assemblage of about 20,000 World War I veterans, their families, and other affiliated groups, who demonstrated in Washington, D.C. during the spring and summer of 1932 seeking immediate payment of a "bonus" granted by the Adjusted Service Certificate Law of 1924 for payment in 1945. They were led by Walter W. Waters, a former Army sergeant, and encouraged by an appearance from retired Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler, one of the most popular military figures of the time 5. Booker T. Washington - the president of the Tuskegee Institute; was elevated to the role of national spokesman for African Americans by whites who liked his accommodationist policy; Washington believed that blacks should focus on education and economic progress, not political and social equality with whites. In an 1895 speech in Atlanta, he proposed what came to be known as the "Atlanta Compromise," contending that blacks and whites could be socially separate but still work together
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when necessary. This idea appealed greatly to whites throughout the nation, who made him into a national spokesman for blacks. Calvin Coolidge –
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Study Guide - 1. "Black Jack" Pershing - led the American...

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