Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - 1 Bataan Death March a war crime...

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1. Bataan Death March - a war crime involving the forcible transfer of prisoners of war, with wide-ranging abuse and high fatalities, by Japanese forces in the Philippines, in 1942, after the three-month Battle of Bataan, which was part of the Battle of the Philippines (1941-42), during World War II. 10,000 of the 75,000 POWs died. 2. Philippines 3. Douglas MacArthur - was an American general; was Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific Area during World War II. He lost the Philippines, but led the defense of Australia, and the recapture of New Guinea, the Philippines, and Borneo. He was poised to command the invasion of Japan in November 1945 but was instead instructed to accept their surrender on September 2, 1945. MacArthur oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951 and is credited for making far-ranging democratic changes in that country. He led United Nations forces defending South Korea in 1950-51 against North Korea's attempt to unify Korea. MacArthur was relieved of command by President Harry S Truman in April 1951 for public disagreements with Truman's policies; fought in three major wars 4. Chester W. Nimitz - the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II. He was the United States' leading authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navy's Bureau of Navigation in 1939. He was his country's last surviving Fleet Admiral. 5. The Coral Sea - In May 1942, a crucial naval battle was fought in the Coral Sea. An American carrier task force, with Australian support, engaged in the first battle in which all the fighting was done by carrier-based aircraft 6. Midway Island - On June 3-6, 1942, a naval battle of extreme importance to both the Japanese and the Americans was fought near Midway. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz directed a smaller but skillfully maneuvered carrier force, under Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, against the powerful invading Japanese fleet. The Japanese retreated after losing 4 carriers. Midway was a turning point in the Pacific war. Combined with the Battle of Coral Sea, the U.S. success at Midway halted the powerful Japanese 7. Guadalcanal - In August 1942, American forces gained a foothold on Guadalcanal Island, the Solomon Islands, in an attempt to protect the lifeline from America to Australia through the Southwest Pacific. After several desperate sea battles for naval control, the Japanese troops evacuated Guadalcanal in February 1943. The casualty ratio of more than 10 to 1, Japanese to American, subsisted after the battle 8. Island Hopping - The strategy dictated that the American forces, as they drove towards Tokyo, would reduce the fortified Japanese outposts on their flank. The new strategy of island hopping called for bypassing some of the most heavily fortified Japanese posts, capturing nearby islands, setting up airfields on them, and then neutralizing the enemy bases through heavy bombing. The outposts would then wither and die due to deprivation of essential supplies from the
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Final Exam Review - 1 Bataan Death March a war crime...

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