STUDY GUIDE1

STUDY GUIDE1 - SOC 001 STUDY GUIDE Functionalism-Conflict

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SOC 001 STUDY GUIDE Functionalism-Conflict Theory-Interpretivism 1. Functionalism (also known as Structural Functionalism) – Macrosociological level theory Focus on order and stability in society Society is a system of interrelated, interdependent parts, which are social institutions or structures, e.g. a part may be family, education, economic, religion, etc… The function of a part is its contribution to the system, and its effects on other parts The needs of society are to be identified and determining how the parts satisfy the needs Each part functions to maintain an orderly and predictable system, preserving social order There is a normative consensus where members of society share a set of values and behaviours An analogy is the human body Key sociologists: Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, Robert Merton Criticisms May justify and legitimize the existence of a part of society, e.g. poverty or unemployment Helps to preserve status quo by overlooking or downplaying sources of tension
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STUDY GUIDE1 - SOC 001 STUDY GUIDE Functionalism-Conflict

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