Culture and Legal Traditions Analyze the differing cultural perspectives on policing, the courts, and corrections in two of the following countries: How have the cultural perspectives of each country had an impact on their legal traditions? According to Reichel (2018), there are four legal traditions they are common tradition, civil tradition, Islamic tradition, and Eastern Asia tradition. The two countries I choose to elaborate on differing cultural perspectives on policing, the courts and corrections are the United States and Saudi Arabia. In America, it identifies itself with the common legal tradition. “In a civil law system, the judge’s role is to establish the facts of the case and to apply the provisions of the applicable code. Though the judge often brings the formal charges, investigates the matter, and decides on the case, he or she works within a framework established by a comprehensive, codified set of laws” (University of California at Berkeley, n.d., p. 1). The United States there are laws created by the legislators, the law prohibits individuals to act on criminal behavior however if laws are broken these people will be subjected to certain punishment for the crime. By the criminal procedure incorporates the legislation and rules that regulate how the lawyers, judges, police, and courts enforce and apply the law. Hence, the criminal law and criminal procedure take a significant role in the criminal justice process it allows the system to investigate and convict criminals based on possible criminal activity within America. The criminal proceedings adhere to the following procedures from arrest, pre-trials, trials, and appeals. The United States has the Constitutions; these laws ensure all citizens are entitled to their rights and protection. For instances, The Fourth Amendment demonstrates that people have the right to their privacy from any unreasonable searches and seizures. Probable causes require a sufficient amount of proof to make an arrest. During an arrest, officers need to have facts that could demonstrate to a reasonable person that defendant he or she has committed or will commit a crime.
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