Lecture 06.pptx - Expansion and Moving West Lecture 6...

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Expansion and Moving West
A. Louisiana Purchase B. Texas, Oregon , Utah and California C. Indian wars and policies D. Mexican War and its consequences Lecture 6: Expansion and Moving West Introduction – Outline
9. Explain how American culture, society, and the economic life expanded industrially and geographically from the 1790's to the 1860's. Discuss the causes and impact of American expansion to “Louisiana,” Texas, California, and the West. Lecture 6: Expansion and Moving West Introduction – Student Performance Outcomes
American expansion into the western lands of the Native-Americans, Mexico, and Great Britain was motivated by a belief in Manifest Destiny The origins of Manifest Destiny go back into its colonial past, with America’s colonial settlers believing that the New World was destined to be an alternative to the corruption of the Old World Early Puritans such as John Winthrop argued that God made a covenant with the Puritans that required them to be a model community of believers to be an example for the rest of the world Lecture 6: Expansion and Moving West Introduction – Manifest Destiny
Writing in support of the American Revolution, Thomas Paine in Common Sense advanced the idea that America was not just an extension of Europe but a new land of opportunity Thomas Jefferson favored westward expansion to provide land for yeoman farmers who would realize the dream of a virtuous republic – his rationale for the Purchase of Louisiana (1803) Lecture 6: Expansion and Moving West Introduction – Manifest Destiny
The phrase “Manifest Destiny” was first used by John O’Sullivan in a 1845 article favoring the annexation of Texas wrote that it was America’s: “. . . manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.” Later O’Sullivan would write regarding Oregon: “And that claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of Lecture 6: Expansion and Moving West Introduction – Manifest Destiny
Since the first days in American, European settlers have believed that Native-American civilizations were inferior to their own Often the Native-Americans violently resisted the attacks on their way of life and culture Conflict with the Native-Americans would continue after the American Revolution With the adoption of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 white settlers began to pour into these territories Lecture 6: Expansion and Moving West C. Indian Wars and Policies
When the indigenous tribes resisted the settlers George Washington sent armed expeditions to suppress the native resistance Known as the Northwest Indian War (1785-95), the Americans were initially defeated by the natives with St . Clair’s Defeat (1791) being the worst when 623 Americans were killed – the worst defeat by Indians in American history

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