Oil Transportation•Oil can be transported from the well site by:•Trucks•Pipeline•Rail•Barges•Ocean going ship (tanker)
Oil Transportation•Trucks are used for short distance hauling.•This can be from the well site to a pipe line terminal.•Or to distribute refined products from a pipe line terminal.•The cost of trucking is several dollars per barrel.
Oil Transportation•Truck problems are mainly related to traffic accidents.
Oil Transportation•Pipe lines are preferred for long distance transport of oil and refined products on shore and off shore where possible.•In the US there are 95,000 miles of oil gathering and transport lines and a similar number of refined product lines.•The cost of shipping oil in a pipe line is about $1.00/barrel.
Oil Transportation•Pipe line troubles are exclusively leaks.
Oil Transportation•Oil can be shipped in rail cars at a cost of between $5 - $10/barrel.
Oil Transportation•The main trouble with shipping by rail are derailments.
Oil Transportation•Oil and refined products can be shipped by barge.