Lesson 2 Asian and Filpino Philosophy of Man.pptx - ASIAN AND FILIPINO PHILOSOPHY OF MAN Lesson 2 Three Oriental Sages(philosophers Buddha Lao-Tzu and

Lesson 2 Asian and Filpino Philosophy of Man.pptx - ASIAN...

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Three Oriental Sages (philosophers): Buddha, Lao-Tzu and Confucius. All three of them share the idea that man (man stands for humanity, the politically correct term would be humans) was originally one with the Universal Reality otherwise known as Brahma . However, after man’s entry into this life he became an individual preoccupied with his own self. Thus, its consequence is man’s misery to escape such fate and attain happiness man must be freed from his selfishness. In other words, the origin of man’s problems and suffering is his own doing—his own selfish desires.
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Gautama Buddha For Buddha (the Enlightened One), there is only one reality, that is Brahma, where the universe exists as one. Such union included man, yet after his birth into this life man became separated with Brahma, and thus loses his perfection and pristine situation, which explains from this perspective man’s fate as mortal subject for decay and death. Buddha adds his own theory by including the idea of reincarnation—that even if man dies he is capable of rebirth and regeneration—birth and rebirths are seen as punishment rather than a reward.
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Gautama Buddha This view coincides with the Greeks that the soul is imprisoned with one’s body. Yet, birth and rebirth is also a process of purification—so that in the end the soul once purified can be reunited with the Brahma (the original state) and then enter Nirvana , “the sinless calm state of mind, the destruction of earthly yearnings, the absence of lust, the cessation of sorrow.” In the final analysis, for Buddha, man’s existence is a fake one which is the source of his problems and sufferings. Man will never find true happiness in this life because his existence is fake or false to begin with.
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Gautama Buddha Add to this Buddha’s idea that man’s “uncontrolled bodily desire” as a source of his unhappy life. To counter this, man’s only escape is to control his own desires and passions, or what Buddha calls as to be a “virtuous man,” thus man’s goal in this life is to have self-control and learn to use restraint and denying himself. That’s why Buddhism’s central teaching is self-denial or unselfishness.
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  • Summer '19
  • Buddhism, Laozi, Gautama Buddha

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