Personal Assignment 1 Week 7 Session 11(120 minutes)Resource: LN and PPT Week 6, 7 Session 10, 11A.Reading skill 5 and 6 (13 Points)Study the passage and choose the best answers to the questions that follow.John MuirJohn Muir (1838-1914), a Scottish immigrant to the United States, is today recognizedfor his vital contributions in the area of environmental protection and conservation of thewilderness. As such, he is often referred to as the unofficial “Father of National Parks.”Muir came to his role as environmentalist in a rather circuitous way. Born in Dunbar,Scotland, Muir came to the United States with his family at the age of eleven. The family settledon a Wisconsin farm, where Muir was educated at home rather than in public school because hisfather felt that participation in a education in a public school would violate his strict religiouscode. Young Muir did read considerably at home and also developed some interestingmechanical devices by whittling them from wood; when some of his inventions were put ondisplay at a state fair, they were noted by officials from the University of Wisconsin, and Muirwas invited to attend the university in spite of his lack of formal education. He left the universityafter two and a half years; later, while working in a carriage factory, he suffered an injury to hiseye. His vision did recover, but following the accident he decided that he wanted spend his lifestudying the beauty of the natural world rather than endangering his health working in a factory.He set out on a 1,000-mile walk south to the Gulf of Mexico, and from there he made his way toYosemite, California, lured by a travel brochure highlighting the natural beauty of Yosemite.He arrived in California in 1868, at the age of thirty, and once there, he took a number ofodd jobs to support himself, working as a laborer, a sheepherder, and—after he had becomefamiliar with the wilderness area—a guide. He also began a writing campaign to encouragepublic support for the preservation of the wilderness, particularly the area around Yosemite. Hemarried in 1880, and for the years that followed he was more involved in family life and inrunning the rach given to him and his wife by her parents than in preservation of theenvironment.He had been away from the environmentalist movement for some time when, in 1889, hewas asked by an editor of the magazine The Centuryto write some articles in support of thepreservation of Yosemite. The editor, well aware of Muir’s talent as a writer and his efforts in the1870s to support the conservation of Yosemite, took Muir camping to areas of Yosemite thatMuir had not seen for years, areas that had been spoiled through uncontrolled development. Because of the experience of this trip, Muir agreed to write two articles in support of theinstitution of a National Parks system in the United States with Yosemite as the first park to bedesignated. These two articles in The Centuryinitiated the Yosemite National Park campaign.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 8 pages?
- Fall '19
- Lakota people, National Park Service, John Muir, Sierra Club, Yosemite National Park, Sierra Nevada