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Running head: KOHLBERG'S MORAL DEVELOPMENT1Kohlberg's Moral DevelopmentKevin Chapman, Jaime Kirchner, Michelle Rine, and Pu’ulani SerraoPSYCH/600June 10, 2019Doctor Rollo Jones
KOHLBERG'S MORAL DEVELOPMENT2Kohlberg’s Moral DevelopmentAs we look at the lifespan of development, an important factor of development is how we form our moral and values system. Through research and studies, Lawrence Kohlberg identified his Theory of Moral Development by sharing stories with people and gathering information from different stages in life. He was able to identify that moral development was fundamentally based on six factors broken down into three categories. As people developed, they reached a different stage in his moral ladder. In this discussion, we will share those milestones and how a person internalizes them. We will examine how his theory contributed to moral understanding and the limitations of histheory. Every theory has a critic and Carol Gilligan, an associate of Kohlberg, indicates in her research that gender differences in moral reasoning is a possibility. In this discussion piece, we will explore what those differences are and evaluate the overall work of Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development. Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentLawrence Kohlberg continued to develop the original theory of Jean Piaget’s work on moral development. His study focused on male adolescents by demonstrating to them hypothetical moral dilemmas. Afterwards, every three to four years, Kohlberg would follow-up for 20 years. “Kohlberg found it most important that it is the way an individual reason about the dilemma and not the content of the response, that determines moral development.” (Berk, 2014) Kohlberg claimed there are three levels with two stages per level. “Kohlberg was more concerned with the processes used in the steps of moral development than the outcome” (Pritchard, 1999).
KOHLBERG'S MORAL DEVELOPMENT3The three levels Kohlberg used in his theory are pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. Each level has two “milestones,” or stages. Pre-conventional level reflects early stages of moral development. At this level, “good” actions are based on fear of authority and to avoid getting into trouble. Additionally, in the pre-conventionallevel, “good behavior” is due to self-interest. For example, say it is raining and the children are walking home, however, one child does not want to walk home, to avoid

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