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POLS 1000 Final Exam NotesChapter 16Public AdministrationAt the center of how state administration has been since the early 20thcentury and has been informed by the principles of Rational Administration, explicated by Max Weber,: The central point of departure for a modernized structure of P. Admin and the modern capitalism was the Iron logic of increasing rationalization of social life.Bureaucracy:oAn organization in which people are hired and promoted based on their qualifications and merit, work is organized in terms of specialized positions, detailed rules and procedures are followed by all members of the organization, and there is a hierarchical chain of command. oRepresentative Bureaucracy– A bureaucracy that reflects the characteristics of society, particularly by trying to ensure that all levels of the public service have a proportional of women and various disadvantaged minority groups similar to that of the population as a whole. New Public Management:oThe adoption of the practices of the private business in the administrative activities of the government – neoliberal approachoThis idea has influenced government administration in many countries since the 1980s.
Chapter 7Elections, Electoral Systems, and Voting BehaviorDemocratic Elections:oElections are only meaningful if those elected have real power.All citizens have the right to run in elections
All political parties should have the right to nominate candidates and campaign on their behalf.oUniversal SuffrageThe right of all adult citizens to vote regardless of such characteristics of gender, race, wealth or education.oInformationVoter need to be provided with useful information if their vote is to be meaningful. Parties and candidates should have the opportunity to get their message to voters. Putting limit of spending and providing subsidiaries.oIndependent CommissionsGerrymander:The manipulation of the division of the country into electoral districts so as to benefit a particular party.