English 120 Final Review

English 120 Final Review - Mine own John Poins How may I...

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Mine own John Poins How may I this honor attain/ That cannot dye the color black a liar? I cannot frame my tune to feign How to respect the people above him if the devout their life the wine and sex and are wolves among lambs. Duplicity – Cannot pretend to be a saint whiles… o Using wiles for wit o Make deceit a pleasure o Manipulate laws to fill the treasury o Earn money from innocent people while he is fat Lying o Lion is the coward o Crow is a swan o Pan is better than Apollo o Chaucer’s Tale is better than the Knight’s tale Flattery o Laugh when he laughs, etc o Cloak vice for virtue o Cruel zeal = justice o Rude if he cannot lie and feign Misses court life o Cannot go to other places since he is under house arrest Sir Philip Sidney – Defense of Poesy 1. People think that divinity is the truth. The world reflects the Divine, badly. Poetry reflects the world/nature. Therefore poetry is twice removed from the truth. 2. Sophistry is a school of rhetoric. If you go there, your rhetoric can convince a person that good is bad and vice versa. 3. Plato – Poets are liars. 4. Poetry arouses base desires. Sydney’s Defense Give dignity, social efficacy, and moral value of imaginative literature in verse or prose Free to range within the zodiac of his own wit Antiquity of poetry, prestige in the biblical and classical worlds Romans called poets “vates” or prophet Greeks called poets “poietes” or maker Tells us of the prestige given to poetry Poetry is better than philosophy, history, astronomy, music, medicine because they all depend on nature. “Only the poet, disdaining to be tied to any such subjection, lifted up with the vigor of his own invention, doth grow in effect another nature.”
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Therefore, they can present virtue and vice in a livelier and more affecting way than nature does, teaching, delighting, and moving the reader at the same time. Better than philosopher because is he more concrete. Better than the historian because he is more universal. Refutes Plato because a poet never claims to tell the truth, and therefore, never lies. Poetry, especially tradegy, teaches people to be virtuous and not full of vice. Textual defense If I had not been a piece of a logician before I came to him I think he would have persuaded me to have wished myself a horse. Sophistry. Strong affection and weak arguments. Only the poet, disdaining to be tied to any such subjection, lifted up with the vigor of his own inventions, doth grow in effect another nature, in making these things better than nature bringeth forth, or, quite anew, forms such as never were in nature, as the Heroes, Demigods, Cyclops, Chimeras, Furies, and such like: so as he goeth hand in hand with nature, within the zodiac of his own wit.
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course ENGL 120 taught by Professor Barbour during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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English 120 Final Review - Mine own John Poins How may I...

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