POLS 2910 Federalism Notes.docx - Federalism Evolution of...

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Federalism: Evolution of Canadian FederalismConfederation, 1867Confederation to First World WarFirst World War to Depression of 1930sDepression 1930s and TransitionKeynesian EraNeoliberalism: current era1867 division of powers assumed:Federal state would play active role in the creation of a continent wide capitalist market – Provincial state would play role in regulating the “private sphere” of business, family. Welfare of individuals the responsibility of families and (mainly religious charities) or local governmentsExpansion of role in regulating markets and the family (child labour laws, minimum safety standards, hours of work; support obligations on husband/fathers)Development of natural resource wealth of province: eg. Ontario: hydro; obligation to process materials in province.Mobilization of regionally & provincially based interestsMaritime rights movementOntario: Provincial autonomyIndigenous

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