hunters_and_the_conservation_and_management_of_white-tailed_deer_hewitt_002_.pdf - International Journal of Environmental Studies ISSN 0020-7233(Print

Hunters_and_the_conservation_and_management_of_white-tailed_deer_hewitt_002_.pdf

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Full Terms & Conditions of access and use can be found at Download by: [Texas A & M University--Kingsville] Date: 12 November 2015, At: 11:42 International Journal of Environmental Studies ISSN: 0020-7233 (Print) 1029-0400 (Online) Journal homepage: Hunters and the conservation and management of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) David G. Hewitt To cite this article: David G. Hewitt (2015) Hunters and the conservation and management of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), International Journal of Environmental Studies, 72:5, 839-849, DOI: 10.1080/00207233.2015.1073473 To link to this article: Published online: 05 Nov 2015. Submit your article to this journal Article views: 2 View related articles View Crossmark data
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Hunters and the conservation and management of white-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus ) DAVID G. HEWITT * Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, 700 University Boulevard, MSC 218, Kingsville, TX 78363, USA White-tailed deer are widely distributed in North America and for at least 10,000 years have been important to human beings for food, clothing, and tools. Market hunting and habitat changes in the 1800s caused a precipitous decline in the number of white-tailed deer in North America. Hunters acted to restore deer populations. By promoting and helping to enforce hunting regulations, trans- planting deer, and funding conservation and management programs, hunters were the primary rea- son deer populations grew during the 1900s from 500,000 to nearly 30 million. Today white-tailed deer are the most popular big game animal in North America and hunters continue to fund deer management and research. Hunters help wildlife agencies to manage white-tailed deer populations within ecological and cultural carrying capacity by harvesting deer. Thus, hunters, with their inter- est in viable deer populations, are integral to the conservation and management of white-tailed deer in North America. Keywords : Hunting; Management; White-tailed deer Introduction White-tailed deer ( Odocoileus virginianus ) are a medium-sized cervid that evolved in North America. The species range extends from the Yukon and Northwest Territories in Canada, south through the United States, Mexico, and Central America, into South Amer- ica as far south as Peru and Bolivia [ 1 ]. With such a vast range, white-tailed deer are obvi- ously highly adaptable. They are found in boreal, deciduous, and rain forest as well as prairies, mountains, rangelands, and swamps. White-tailed deer prosper in subarctic, tem- perate, semiarid, and highly mesic climatic conditions. In recent times, the whitetail s adaptability has enabled it to thrive in areas heavily in uenced by people, such as agricul- tural and suburban landscapes.
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