poli150 paper 1

poli150 paper 1 - became buffers separating major...

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Flora Vo 24 January 2008 Paper 1: Balance of Power after the Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) was held after the Peace of Paris, which ended the Napoleonic Wars. Castlereagh and Metternich diverge from history, and they resisted French punishment to create a balance of power, in which no nation can dominate as France had done. Additional criteria for the balance include: territorial gains only with the consent of others, respect for agreements, and a policing force, the Quadruple Alliance. Europe’s weariness of war created this system, which contributed to the general European peace from 1815 to 1914. Russia, Prussia, and Austria all gained land in the Congress, but Europe attempted to redistribute the land, resources, and populations equally because Europe feared that the major powers’ dissatisfaction with the balance could lead to war. Germany and the Low Countries
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Unformatted text preview: became buffers, separating major powers (France and Prussia/Austria) who were historically rivals. This was insightful since the balance of power system started to deteriorate once Germany united because it created a strong state that affected the balance. The short-lived Quadruple Alliance enforced the peace and settled arguments although the British left. However, the British repeatedly stated their willingness to intervene in matters that truly upset the balance such as the Belgium crisis and the Schleswig-Holstein crisis. Britain and France cooperated closely while Russia, Prussia, and Austria possessed fairly strong bonds. However, the nations did not hesitate to mingle with the other group if there was a benefit, which constantly checked Europe’s power. Later, public opinion and economical/ideological differences would weaken the balance of power and led to war....
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course POLI 150 taught by Professor Mosley during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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