HISTORY EXAMS BOOKLET.docx - 1 K.C.S.E HISTORY GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 1996 SECTION A(25 Marks Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces

HISTORY EXAMS BOOKLET.docx - 1 K.C.S.E HISTORY GOVERNMENT...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 1996 SECTION A (25 Marks) Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided 1. Give two functions of the council of elders among the Akamba during the pre –colonial period.(2mks) 2. State two factors which made it possible for the Arab traders to come to the Kenya coast before 1500.(2mks) 3. Identify one contribution of John Krapf to the spread of Christianity in Kenya during the nineteenth century.(2mks) 4. Name the company which administered Kenya on behalf of the British government up to 1895(1mks) 5. Identify two factors which enabled the white settlers to establish farms in the Kenya Highlands during the colonial period.(2mks) 6. Give two factors which led to the establishment of urban centres in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks) 7. State two objectives of the Kikuyu Central Association (KCA) 8. Identify two ways in which the trade union movement contributed to the struggle for independence in Kenya. 9. State two results of the development of railway transport in Kenya during the colonial period.(2mks) 10. Name two African nationalist parties whose leaders attended the Lancaster House Conference. (2mks) 11. Give two reasons why the District Focus for Rural Development was established in Kenya.(2mks) 12. Name two parastatal organizations in Kenya that fall under the ministry of Transport and Communication. (2mks) 13. What is the main function of opposition parties in Kenya? (1mk) 14. Identify one type of direct tax through which the Kenya government raises its revenue. (1mk) 15. Which provision in the Kenya constitution protects the wealth of individuals in the country? (1mk) Section B (45 marks) Answer any three questions from this section in the Answer Booklet provided. 1. a) What factors made the cushites migrate into Kenya during the pre – colonial period? (10mks) b) Explain five results of the migration of the cushites into Kenya during the pre-colonial period. (10 mks) 2. a) Why were the Portuguese able to conquer the Kenyan coastduring the sixteenth century? (5mks) 2 b) Explain six factors which led to the collapse of the protuguese rule on the Kenyan coast by the end of the seventeenth century. (10mks) 3. a) Outline five reasons why the Nandi resisted the imposition of British colonial rule over their territory. (5mks) b) Discuss the factors which led to the defeat on the Nandi resistance by the British colonial rule over their territory. (10mks) 4. a) What three factors have facilitated the formation of many political parties in Kenya since 1991? (3mks) b) Explain six changes which have taken place in Kenya as a result of the introduction of multi-party democracy since 1991? (12mks) SECTION C (30marks) Answer any two questions from this section in the Answer Booklet provided 5. a) What are the constitutional duties of the president of Kenya? (3mks) b) Explain six factors which have promoted national unity in Kenya since 1963. (12mks) 6. a) State three functions of the police force in Kenya. (3mks) b) Describe six duties performed by provincial commissioners in Kenya. (12mks) 7. a) Identify three functions of the Attorney General of Kenya. (3mks) b) Describe the structure of the court system in Kenya. (12mks) K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 2 1996 SECTION A (25 marks) Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided 1. Identify two sources of information which historians use to write the History of Africa (2mks) 2. List two economic activities of early man during the stone Age period (2mks) 3. Give two factors which led to the early urbanization in Africa (2mks) 4. Identify one use of bronze in Ancient Benin (1mks) 5. List two forms of communication used to send messages to distant places in the shortest possible time. (2mks) 6. Name two main cash crops that were grown in North America during the Agrarian Revolution. (2mks) 7. a) What is barter trade? (1mk) b) Identify one limitation of using barter as a method of trade. (1mk) 8. Give two functions of the Buganda traditional parliament (2mks) 9. Name the Empire that was rule by Samori Toure during the European invasion of Africa (1mk) 3 10. Give two ways through which Islam had spread in Africa by the nineteenth century (2mks) 11. Name two systems of colonial administration which were used by the British to administer their colonies In Africa. (2mks) 12. What is constitution? 13. In which two ways did the organization of Africa Unity (OAU) contribute to the liberation of the southern African countries? (2mks) 14. Name two agencies of the United Nations Organisation (UNO) which deal with the problem of health. SECTION B (45 marks) Answer any three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided. 1.a) In what ways did the development of the steam engine contribute to the growth of industries in Europe during the nineteenth century.(3mks) b) Explain six factors which led to the emergence of Japan as an industrial power after the second world war.(12mks) 2.a) What factors led to the development of trade between North Africa and West Africa during the pre-colonial period?(3mks) b) Describe the effects of the Trans – Saharan trade of West African societies? (12mks). 3.a) Explain three ways in which Macadamised roads are an improvement to road transport. (3mks) b) What were the results of the development of railway transport in Europe up the end of the Nineteenth century? (12mks) 4. a) Why were African independent churches established? (3mks) b) Explain six factors which promoted Christian missionary activities in Africa during the nineteenth century. (12mks) SECTION C (30 mks) Answer any two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided. 5.a) What methods did the European powers use to acquire colonies in Africa? (3mks) b) Explain six factors which influenced Lewanika of the Balozi to collaborate with the British.(12mks) 6. a) Describe the factors which facilitated the application of the French policy of assimilation in the four communes in Senegal.(3mks) b) Discuss the effects of the French policy of assimilation in Senegal (12 mks) 7. a) What is the role of the prime minister in Britain? (3mks) b) Explain six functions of the Federal Government of the United States of America. (USA). (12mks) 4 K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 1997 SECTION A (25 mks) Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided. 1. Give two factors which led to the migration and settlement of the Iteso into Kenya by 1800. 2. Identify two factors which encouraged the spread of Islam in Kenya by 1500.(2mks) 3. State two main reasons why the Oman rulers were interested in establishing their control over the Kenyan coast. (2mks) 4. Give the main reasons why the British were able to conquer Kenya during the nineteenth century. (1 mks) 5. State two reasons why Britain used the Imperial British East Africa Company to administer her possessions. (2mks) 6. State two ways through which the construction of the Uganda railway contributed to the development of settler farming in Kenya. (2mks) 7. Give one reason why Africans were denied equal educational opportunities with other races during the colonial period. (1mks) 8. State two main roles that Thomas J. Mboya played in the Kenya African Union (KAU) (2 marks) 9. State two recommendations of the Lyttleton Consitution of 1954. (2mks) 10. What was the main ideological difference between KANU and KADU before independence in 1963? (1 mark) 11. State two ways thought which the government controls parastatals. (2mks) 12. Identify two causes of division within the opposition political parties in Kenya since 1992. (2 marks) 13. Identify three situations which may lead to a by – election in Kenya. (3mks) 14. Name the local government authority which is charged with the administration of rural areas in Kenya. (1mks) SECTION B (45 MKS) Answer any three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided. 15. a) Explain the results of the migration and settlement of the Somali into Kenya by 1800. (7mks) b) Describe the political organization in Kenya during the pre-colonial period. (8 mks) 16. a) Explain why Christian missionaries established mission stations 5 in Kenya during the colonial period.( 7mks) b) What factors undermined Christian missionary activities in Kenya during the nineteenth century? (8mks) 17. a) Why did the British become interested in establishing their control over Kenya during the second half of the nineteenth century? (6mks) b) Explain why some African communities resisted the establishment of British rule in Kenya. 18. a) What grievances did the African Nationalists have against the colonial government in Kenya up to 1945? (3mks) b) Explain the political developments which hastened the achievement of independence in Kenya between 1945 and 1963? (3mks) SECTION C (30 marks) Answer any two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided. 19. a) Why are parliamentary elections held regularly in Kenya? (3mks) b) Describe the stages through which a bill passes before it becomes law. (12mks) 20. a) Describe the structure of the Democratic party of Kenya (DI’) b) Explain the role of opposition parties in government and nation building (10 mks) 21. a) Describe the main provisions of the independence constitution of Kenya.(3mks) b) Explain the circumstances which may force the government to limit the rights and the freedoms of the individual. (12mks) K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 2 1997 SECTION A (25 mks) Answer all the questions in this section in the answers booklet provided. 1. Give two limitations of using written records as source of African History. (2mks) 2. Identify two aspects of the culture of the early man that had their origins in the late Stone Age. (2mks) 3. Identify two factors which favoured the development of crop growing in ancient Egypt. (2mks) 4. Identify three uses of bronze in the kingdom of Benin (3mks) 5. Name two ways in which the railway transport contributed to the Agrarian revolution in Western Europe.(2mks) 6 6. What was the main source of energy during the early period of the Industries revolution in Europe? 7. State two ways through which slaves were obtained in West Africa during the Trans- Atlantic trade. (2 mks) 8. Name one leader of the protestant reformation during the sixteenths century (1 mk) 9. State two functions of the Lukiko of the Buganda Kingdom during the pre- colonial rule (2 mks) 10. State the main reason why Samori Toure fought the French during the nineteenth century (1 mk) 11. State two government policies which have contributed to industrialization in India (2 mks) 12. Give two ways through which the attainment of independence in Ghana contributed to liberation of other African countries from colonial rule (2 mks) 13. Name two houses of the British Parliament (2 mks) 14. What event prompted the United States of America (USA) to join the First World War in 1917? ( 1mk) SECTION B (45 marks) Answer any three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided 15. (a) Describe two theories about the origin of human beings (4 mks) (b) Discuss the benefits of the discovery of fire to the earlyman (11 mks) 16. (a) Describe the working conditions of factory workers in Britain during the industrial revolution (5 mks) (b) What factors favoured the development of industries in Britain by 1850? (10 mks) 17. (a) What factors contributed to the development of the Trans- Saharan Trade? (8 mks) (b) Describe the difficulties faced by the Trans- Saharan traders (7 mks) 18. (a) Explain why Maji Maji uprising occurred between 1905 and 1907 (6 mks) (b) What were the consequences of the Maji Maji uprising? (9 mks) SECTION C (30 MARKS) Answer any two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided 19. (a) What are the sources of the British Constitution? (3 mks) (b) Describe how the government of the USSR was organized (12 mks) 7 20. 21. (a) Why was the economic community of West African States (ECOWAS) formed? (3 mks) (b) Explain the factors that have undermined the activities of the organization of African Unity (OAU) (12 mks) (a) What were the differences between the British policy of indirect rule and the French policy of assimilation? (3 mks) (b) Explain why Fredrick Lugard used the policy of indirect rule to administer Northern Nigeria. (12 mks) K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 1998 SECTION A (25 mks) Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided. 1. Name two sources of the history of the Kenyan communities during the pre- colonial period (2 mks) 2. In what two ways did the Kenyan communities interact during the precolonial period? (2 mks) 3. Give the main reason why early visitors from Arabia came to the Kenyan coast before 1500 (1 mk) 4. State two reasons why the Portuguese built Fort Jesus (2 mks) 5. Give two reasons why the Agiriama were opposed to British Colonial rule (2 mks) 6. State two terms of the Anglo- German Agreement of 1886 (2 mks) 7. Give one reason why the British colonial government encouraged while settlers to come to Kenya. (1 mk) 8. What was the main reason for the formation of the Ukamba members Association? (1 mk) 9. Give one reason for the establishment of independent churches in Kenya during the colonial period. (1 mk) 10. identify two reasons why Africans migrated to urban centers during the colonial period (2 mks) 11. Why was the nomination of Eliud Mathu to the legislative council important?(1 mk) 12. Give the main reason why African nationalists in Kenya formed the Kenya African democratic union (KADU) in 1960 (1 mk) 13. Identify two national philosophies which have been used in Kenya since the attainment of independence. (2 mks) 14. State one fundamental right of the individual which a person in prison is deprived of (2 mks) 15. State the main function of the Kenya Army. (1 mk) 8 16. Give two reasons why the chief’s baraza is important in Kenya. (2 mks) SECTION B (45 MARKS) Answer three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided 17. (a) Describe the migration and settlement of the Eastern Bantu Speaking communities into Kenya upto 1800. (5 mks) (b) Discuss the results of the migration and settlement of the Eastern Bantu into Kenya by 1900 (10 mks) 18. (a) Why were the Portuguese able to control the Kenya coast between 1500 and 1700? (3 mks) (b) Describe the results of the Portuguese rule of the Kenya Coast (12 mks) 19. (a) What factors facilitated the establishment of British control over Kenya during the nineteenth century? (5 mks) (b) Explain why the Nandi were able to sustain their resistance against the British for a long time (10 mks) 20. (a) What factors undermined African nationalist activities in Kenya between 1939 and 1963? (7 mks) (b) Describe the role which African elected members of parliament played in the struggle for independence upto 1963. (8 mks) SECTION C (30 Marks) Answer two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided 21. (a) How does the Kenya Government ensure that the rule of law is upheld in the country? (3 mks) (b) Describe the constitutional amendments which took place in Kenya between 1964 and 1992. (12 mks) 22. (a) Explain the role of the Electoral Commission of Kenya (7 mks) (b) Describe the factors that are likely to interfere with free and fair elections in Kenya (8 mks) 23. (a) Explain why the Kenya government prepares an annual budget. (10 mks) (b) What measures does the Kenya government take to ensure that public funds are properly used? (5 mks) K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 2 1998 SECTION A (25 marks) Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided 1. Name two factors which influenced early man to begin domesticating animals? (2 mks) 9 2. Give two factors which influenced the development of urban centers in Ancient Greece (2 mks) 3. State one way in which the Agrarian Revolution contributed to ruralurban migration in Europe. (1mk) 4. Identify the main source of industrial energy in Europe from t6he mid twentieth century. (1 mk) 5. State two scientific discoveries in the field of medicine in the nineteenth century (2 mks) 6. Give one way in which poor transport network hinders industrialization in the Third World countries. (1 mk) 7. Give one reason why the general agreement on tariffs and Trade (GATT) was established (1 mk) 8. State two similarities between the African traditional belief in death and the Christian teaching on death. (2 mks) 9. State two ways through which Islam was spread in the nineteenth century (2 mks) 10. State one way in which centralization of authority contributed to the growth of the Buganda Kingdom. (1 mk) 11. Give two economic reasons which made European powers to scramble for African colonies. 12. state the main contribution of religion in the Maji Maji uprising against German rule in Southern Tanzania 13. Define indirect rule as a policy that was used by the British to administer their colonies in Africa. (1mk) 14. Give two reasons why the Central Powers were defeated in the first World war(2 mks) 15. State two methods which the international community used to hasten the attainment of majority rule in South Africa. (2 mks) 16. Identify two political challenges which Zaire has faced since independence (2 mks) SECTION B (45 MARKS) Answer three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided. 17. (a) What factors led to the development of early Agriculture in India? (5 mks) (b) Explain the results of the development of early Agriculture in India (10mks) 18. (a) In what ways did overseas colonies contribute to the expansion of industries in Europe? (3 mks) (b) Discuss the problem which the European society faced as a result of 10 industrialization (12 mks) 19. (a) Describe the religious beliefs and practices of traditional Yoruba society (b) Explain the importance of religion among the Yoruba (10 mks) 20. (a) Describe the results of the development of railway transport during the nineteenth century (5 mks) (b) Discuss ways through which the modern society has benefited from the development in telecommunications (10 mks) SECTION C (30 marks) Answer two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided 21. (a) What were the economic activities of the people of the Asante Empire?(3 mks) (b) Describe the political organization of the Asante Empire during the nineteenth century ( 12 mks) 22. (a) Explain why the Ancient regime in France had become unpopular by 1789 (5 mks) (b) Discuss the French system of government from 1871 (10 mks) 23. (a) Why was the United Nations Organization (UNO) formed? (5 mks) (b) Discuss the factors that have undermined the activities of the UNO (10 mks) K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 1999 SECTION A ( 25 marks) Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided 1. What was the base of the political organization among the Cushites during the pre- colonial period? (1mk) 2. Identify the two economic activities which the maasai acquired as a result of interacting with the Agikuyu during their settlement in Kenya (2 mks) 3. What religious functions did the Orkoiyot of the Nandi perform during the pre- colonial period? (2 mks) 4. Give two main factors which influenced the Abaluyia to become crop farmers by the beginning of the nineteenth century (2 mks) 5. Name two Bantu communities in Kenya whose ancestors settled in the Mount Elgon area before migrating to their present homeland. (2 mks) 6. State two benefits of Portuguese rule over the coastal settlement (2 mks) 11 7. Give two reasons why the British allowed the imperial British East Africa Company to administer their possession in East Africa during the nineteenth century. (2 mks) 8. State two ways in which the Wanga Kingdom benefited from the collaboration between Nabongo Mumia and the British during the scramble (2 mks) 9. Give two reasons why the Uganda railway was built (2 mks) 10. Identify one institution which advised the government in Kenya in the ad...
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