Julia CirasellaHRT3M Grade 11 World Religions Exam ReviewOrigins and Founders●Aryans○Skilled warriors who used chariots in combat. Aryan life was based on cattle herding●Indus Valley○Where the aryans settled. They divided their society into those who were warriors, priests, and cattle herders○Indus valley people emphasized fertility and worshiped a great mother goddess●Martin Luther○Discovered that in 1517 a Dominican friar named John Tetzel began to sell indulgences in Germany to raise money for the Archbishop of Mainz, and for the pope’s construction project. 95 theses○His notion of individual freedom from the authority of the church became freedomfrom the authority of tyrannical rulers and freedom from laws over which people had no say●John Tetzel○began to sell indulgences in Germany to raise money for the Archbishop of Mainz, and for the pope’s construction project●Samuel De Champlain○French explorer○He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped found the settlements.●Siddhartha Gautama○Born into royalty where he was shielded from any miseries or suffering○Upon becoming aware of human suffering, he left his kingdom to become an ascetic. He then developed the Middle Way—a moderate path between self-mortification and self-indulgence—and soon attained enlightenment into the causes of and solutions to human suffering●Abraham○God made a covenant with abraham, God promised to give him kids. They first has to leave their home and head to the land God lead them to called canan. He said abraham will have many descendants. Abraham had a son named isaac, and Jesus was a descendant of abraham●Muhammad○Began to question the world around him so spent time in solitude. The angel gabriel appeared before him and told him he is the messenger of God. Muhammad began to preach in Mecca, and openly declared that there was one god. Proclaimed himself a prophet. Instructed his followers to pray towards Mecca instead of Jerusalem.
Julia Cirasella●Jesus○Christians believe Jesus is the son of God. Following being baptized by John the baptist he began to preach. He was later crucified and died, and rose from the dead. This community he created is known as the early churchBeliefs●Caste system○Through the cycle of life, death, and rebirth, a person can move up and down through this caste system based on karma●5 Pillars of Islam○Shahada (Confession of Faith): There is no god except God, Muhammad is themessenger of God. These are the first words spoken in a baby’s ear, and the last words spoken at death.