Summer of 2019 Abnormal Psychology Exam Two Study Guide.docx - Abnormal Psychology Summer of 2019 Exam Two Study Guide Chapter Five Anxiety and

Summer of 2019 Abnormal Psychology Exam Two Study...

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Abnormal Psychology Summer of 2019 Exam Two Study Guide Chapter Five: Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders Understand the definition of fear Fear: An intense emotion experienced in response to a threatening experience. Understand the definition of anxiety A fundamental emotion that produces bodily reactions that prepare us for “fight or flight”; it is anticipatory because the dreaded event has not yet occurred. Have a general understanding of the multipath model of anxiety disorders Anxiety Disorder: Fear or anxiety symptoms that interfere with an individual’s day-to-day functioning. -5HTTLPR gene -reduced serotonin Understand the definition of and diagnostic criteria for Generalized Anxiety Disorder Understand the use of treatments such as biofeedback and relaxation training related to anxiety Know the definition of and diagnostic criteria for phobias Phobia: A persistent and unreasonable fear of a particular object, activity, or situation. -6+ months Understand the classical conditioning explanation for the development of phobias classical conditioning, a person may begin to associate two situations that occur closely in time with a fear response. Understand the modeling explanation for the development of phobias Modeling: behaviorists believe that a phobic response can be observed in others and then imitated by the observer Understand the evolutionary/preparedness explanation for phobias Preparedness: the idea that there may be a predisposition to develop certain fears. (there is a logical reason to be afraid) Be able to explain the treatments for phobias, such as systematic desensitization, flooding, and cognitive restructuring Systematic desensitization: A behavioral treatment that involves the use of relaxation training and a fear hierarchy to help clients with specific phobias react calmly to the objects or situations that they dread. The theory is that you cannot be afraid and relaxed at the same time.
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Flooding: A treatment for specific phobias in which clients are exposed repeatedly and intensively to a feared object and made to see that it is actually harmless. Cognitive restructuring: The strategy that attempts to alter unrealistic thoughts that are believed to be responsible for phobias. Know the diagnostic criteria for Panic Disorder Panic Disorder: An anxiety disorder marked by recurrent and unpredictable panic attacks. Panic attacks share similar symptoms of a heart attack. Also tends to include apprehension over future attacks or behavioral changes to avoid attacks.
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  • Spring '13
  • ScottHollenback
  • Social anxiety disorder, adjustment disorder, Factitious Disorder

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