Reinforcement and Superstitious Behaviour.docx - Reinforcement and Superstitious Behaviour reinforcement is most likely accidental in the case of

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Reinforcement and Superstitious Behaviour - reinforcement is most likely accidental in the case of superstitious behaviours - Skinner’s birds: when they were given good, they would repeat whatever behaviour they were engaging in when the food was presented. Ex, one bird spinned counterclockwise in the cage - engaging in behaviours that don’t increase probability of getting a reward, but doing it anyway Schedules of Reinforcement - Schedule of Reinforcement – determines which occurrences of a specific response result in presentation of a reinforcer - Continuous Reinforcement – when every instance of a designated response is reinforced - Intermittent/Partial Reinforcement – more realistic, occurs when a designated response is reinforced only some of the time. - Makes a response more resistant to extinction than continuous reinforcement does. - Ratio Schedule – require the organism to make the designated response a certain number of times to gain each reinforcer - Fixed Ratio Schedule – reinforcer is given after a fixed number of responses
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Unformatted text preview: -Variable Ratio Schedule – the reinforcer is given after a variable number of non reinforced responses-Interval Schedules – require time to pass between presentations of reinforcer-Fixed Interval – after a fixed time interval has elapsed -Variable Interval – after a variable time period has passed. Positive Reinforcement Vs Negative Reinforcement -Positive Reinforcement – when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus.-Negative Reinforcement – when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversive stimulus (electric shock to rats). Still involves a favorable outcome. (shock is removed if the rat presses the lever).-Escape Learning – acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation. Any behavior that decreases or ends aversive stimulation-animal learns to escape shock in a shuttle box by running to the other compartment...
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  • Fall '19
  • ratio schedule, variable ratio schedule

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