Avoidance Learning.docx - Avoidance Learning \u2013 acquires response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring experimenter gives the animal

Avoidance Learning.docx - Avoidance Learning – acquires...

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- Avoidance Learning – acquires response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring. - experimenter gives the animal a signal that a shock is coming (like a light that goes on before the shock) and gradually the rat learns to run when they see the light - Warning light is CS, elicits reflexive, conditioned fear in the animal. - Response to fleeing to the other side of the box = operant behaviour - phobias are resistant to extinction because - 1. responses that allow you to avoid phobic stimulus earn negative reinforcement each time they are made (avoidance behaviour is strengthened) 2. these avoidance responses prevent any opportunity to extinguish the phinic conditioned response bc you’re never exposed to the CS Punishment Consequences That Weaken Responses - reinforcement increases an organism’s tendency to make a certain response, so there are also consequences that decrease an organism’s tendency to make a particular response - Punishment
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