Running Head: HOFSTEDE’S CHARACTERISTICS 1 Hofstede’s Characteristics Columbia Southern University
HOFSTEDE’S CHARACTERISTICS 2 HOFSTEDE’S CHARACTERISTICS Part 1 : Pick three individual countries, one in the Middle East, one in Asia, and one in Europe. Apply Hofstede’s characteristics to each one, and state if the characteristic is low, medium, or high in each country. Also, explain why you think each country deserves that description. Characteristics Albania South Korea Switzerland Power Distance The extent to which the less efficient members of organizations and institutions within a particular country acknowledge that authority is distributed unequally. Albania is a society of hierarchy. This signifies individuals are adopting a hierarchical order where everyone has a place and no further justification is required. In an organization, hierarchy is seen as reflecting intrinsic inequalities, centralization is widespread, political allies are assumed to be told what to do and the optimal boss is a benevolent autocrat. - Albania has a “High” characteristic when it comes to Power Distant South Korea is a society that is somewhat hierarchical. This implies that individuals accept a hierarchical order in which everyone has a position and that no further justification is necessary. Hierarchy within an organization reflects intrinsic inequality, centralization is common, people are taught what to do, and the perfect boss is a caring autocratic. South - Korea showcases “Medium” characteristics when it comes to Power Distance. Switzerland thinks it is important to minimize inequalities among individuals. It promotes and empowers to be autonomous or free. It has a hierarchy, but for comfort alone. Power is decentralized and Switzerland leaders focus on their team members ' knowledge. Control is not appreciated or welcomed in business. Rank structure is based on an informal and first-name basis. Direct and participatory communication. - Switzerland is considered to have a “Low” characteristic when it comes to Power Distance. Uncertainty Avoidance The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened and create values and institutions to prevent ambiguity or unknown circumstances Countries with a high level of Uncertainty Avoidance maintains strict codes of conviction and behavior. In Albania, there's an emotional need for rules (even if the rules don't seem to work) business is business; individuals have an inner urge to work hard, be precise and executing in timely measures are standard practice. After a thorough assessment, decisions are taken. - Albania has a “high” score to avoid uncertainty When it comes to "Uncertainty Avoidance", South Korea is one of the most avoiding countries. Countries within this category maintain strict codes of conduct and are intolerant to unorthodox behavior.
- Spring '12
- Developed country, Humid subtropical climate