ARCHITECTURAL_REVIEWER_ALL_SUBJECTS_-1 (2).xlsx - PREPARED BY ALEXANDER N SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 1 The beginner of the great

ARCHITECTURAL_REVIEWER_ALL_SUBJECTS_-1 (2).xlsx - PREPARED...

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Unformatted text preview: PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 1 The beginner of the great hypostyle hall at karnak and the founder of the 19th dynasty. 2 The mineral of greatest importance to Greek architecture of which Greece and her domains had ample supply of was. 3 Greek architecture was essentially. 4 Forming the imposing entrance to the acropolis and erected by the architect Mnesicles is the. 5 The building in the acropolis generally considered as being the most nearly perfect building ever erected is the. 6 With the use of concrete made possible by pozzolan, a native natural cement, the Romans achieved huge interiors with the. 7 Which of the order was added by the Romans to the orders used by the Greeks. 8 From the 5th century to the present, the character of Byzantine architecture is the practice of using. 9 Romanesque architecture in Italy is distinguished from that of the rest of Europe by the use of what material for facing walls. 10 The most famous and perfect preservation of all ancient buildings in Rome. 11 The space between the colonnade and the naos wall in Greek temple. 12 Amphitheaters are used for ___. 13 An ancient Greek Portico, a long colonnaded shelter used in public places. 14 The fortified high area or citadel of an ancient Greek City. 15 An upright ornament at the eaves of a tile roof, concealing the foot of a row of convex tiles that cover the joints of the flat tiles. 16 Strictly, a pedestal at the corners or peak of a roof to support an ornament, more usually, the ornament itself. 17 Also called a 'Honeysuckle' ornament. 18 In ancient Greece and Rome, a storeroom of any kind, but especially for storing wine. 19 The characteristic of Greek ornament. 20 21 22 The dining hall in a monastery, a convent, or a college. The architecture of the curved line is known as ___. The open court in an Italian palazzo. 23 The ornamental pattern work in stone, filling the upper part of a Gothic window. 24 "cubicula" or bedroom is from what architecture. 25 How many stained glass are there in the Chartres Cathedral? 1/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 26 Parts of an entablature, in order of top to bottom. i. Cornice ii. Frieze iii.Architrave 27 Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda. 28 29 30 Usual number of stories for a Chinese pagoda. Plan shape of a Japanese pagoda. Triangular piece of wall above the entablature. 31 A spherical triangle forming the transition from the circular plan of a dome to the poly-gonal plan of its supporting structure. 32 A long arcaded entrance porch in an early Christian church. 33 The principal or central part of a church, extending from the narthex to the choir orchancel and usually flanked by aisles. 34 The uppermost step in the crepidoma. 35 36 37 38 39 40 The lowest step in the crepidoma. Intercolumniation of 2.25 diameters. Intercolumniation of 4 diameters. Intercolumniation of 2 diameters. Pycnostyle intercolumniation has how many diameters? Diastyle intercolumniation has how many diameters. 41 Roman building which is a prototype of the hippodrome of the Greek. 42 43 44 45 Roman building for which gladiatorial battles took place. What sporting event takes place in the Palaestra? A foot race course in the cities. Architects of the Parthenon. 46 The tower atop the torogan where the princess and her ladies in waiting hide during occasions. 47 Found in the ground floor of the bahay na bato, it is where the carriages and floats are kept. 48 The emergency hideout found directly behind the headboard of the Sultan's bed. 49 In the kitchen of the bahay kubo, the table on top of which is the river stone, shoe-shaped stove or kalan is known as ___. 50 51 Japanese tea house A Muslim temple, a mosque for public worship, also known as place for Prostration 2/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 52 53 Domical mound containing a relic. Ifugao house (southern strain). 54 The style of the order with massive and tapering columns resting on a base of 3 steps. 55 Earthen burial mounds containing upright and lintel stones forming chambers for consecutive burials for several to a hundred persons. 56 A semi-circular or semi-polygonal space, usually in church, terminating in axis and intended to house an altar. 57 Temples in Greece that have a double line of columns surrounding the naos. 58 Senate house for chief dignitaries in Greek architecture 59 Architect of the Einstein Tower. 60 Founder of the Bauhaus School of Art. 61 What architectural term is termed to be free from any historical style? 62 The architect of Chrysler building in N.Y. 63 Another term for crenel or intervals between merlon of a battlement. 64 In the middle kingdom, in Egyptian architecture, who consolidate the administrative system, made a survey of the country, set boundaries to the provinces, and other helpful works. 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 Who erected the earliest known obelisk at Heliopolis. The world's first large-scale monument in stone. The highest sloped pyramid in Gizeh Female statues with baskets serving as columns. A small tower usually corbelled at the corner of the castle. A compound bracket or capital in Japanese architecture. A concave molding approximately quarter round. Architect of Iglesia ni Cristo. 73 A Filipino architect whose philosophy is 'the structure must be well oriented'. 74 Architect of Robinson's Galleria 75 76 King Zoser's architect who was deified in the 26th dynasty. "A house is like a flower pot" 3/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 77 Art Noveau is known as the international style, in Germany it is known as ___. 78 79 80 Architect of TWA airport. "Modern architecture need not be western". Not among the three pyramids in Gizeh 81 A decorative bracket usually taking the form of a cyma reversa strap. 82 83 Finest example of French-Gothic architecture Plan shape of a Chinese pagoda. 84 A special feature of Japanese houses, used to display a flower arrangement or art. 85 The most famous structure of Byzantine architecture and notable of its large dome. 86 An ornamental canopy of stone or marble permanently place over the altar in a church. 87 A decorative niche often topped with a canopy and housing a statue. 88 A large apsidal extension of the interior volume of a church. 89 A recess in a wall to contain a statue or other small items. 90 A term given to the mixture of Christian, Spanish, and Muslim 12th-16th century architecture. 91 Architect of the famous Propylaea, Acropolis. 92 93 A Greek building that contains painted pictures. A kindred type to the theater. 94 The most beautiful and best preserved of the Greek theaters. 95 A type of Roman wall facing with alternating courses of brickworks. 96 A type of Roman wall facing which is made of small stone laid in a loose pattern roughly resembling polygonal work. 97 A type of Roman wall facing with a net-like effect 98 A type of roman wall facing with rectangular block with or without mortar joints. 99 Marble mosaic pattern used on ceilings of vaults and domes. 100 "Form follows function". 101 He created the Dymaxion House, "the first machine for living". 4/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 102 Architect of the Bi-Nuclear House, the H-Plan. 103 Mexican Architect/Engineer who introduced thin shell construction. 104 The architect of the Pantheon. 105 106 Architect of the World Trade Center. He erected the entrance Piazza at St. Peter's Basilica. 107 Architects of the Hagia Sophia. (St. Sophia, Constantinople) 108 Architect of the Lung Center of the Philippines. 109 Who began the building of the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak? 110 Architect of the Great Serapeum at Alexandria. 111 The dominating personality who became an ardent disciple of the Italian renaissance style. 112 Conceptualized the Corinthian capital. 113 114 Architect of the Temple of Zeus, Agrigentum Architect of the Temples of Zeus, Olympia. 115 Roman architect of the Greek Temples of Zeus, Olympius. 116 Architect of the Erechtheion. 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 Master sculptor of the Parthenon. Architect of Manila Hilton Hotel. "A house is a machine to live in". Architect of the Chicago Tribune Tower. "Architecture is Organic". Invented reinforced concrete in France. First elected U.A.P. president. First president and founder of PAS. Architect of the National Library, Philippines. Designer of the Bonifacio Monument. Sculptor for the Bonifacio Monument. Designer of the Taj Mahal. 129 Expressionist Architect. 5/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 130 131 Founders of the "Art Noveau". Architect of the Batasang Pambansa. 132 Architect of the Philippine Heart Center. 133 134 Architect of the Rizal Memorial Stadium. The architect of the Quiapo Church before its restoration. 135 Architect of SM Megamall. 136 137 138 139 Central Bank of the Philippines, Manila. G.S.I.S. Building, Roxas Boulevard. Built by the Franciscan priest Fr. Blas dela Madre, this church in Rizal whose design depicts the heavy influence of Spanish Baroque, was declared a national treasure. This church, 1st built by the Augustinian Fr. Miguel Murguia, has an unusually large bell which was made from approximately 70 sacks of coins donated by the towns people. 140 A raised stage reserved for the clergy in early Christian churches. 141 In Greek temples, the equivalent of the crypt is the ___. 142 From the Greek temples, a temple that have porticoes of columns at the front and rear. 143 Corresponds to the Greek naos. 144 The first plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Bramante. 145 The final plan shape of the St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderna. 146 On either side of the choir, pulpits for the reading of the epistle and the gospel are 147 In some churches, there is a part which is raised as part of the sanctuary which later developed into the transept, this is the ___. 148 In early Christian churches, the bishop took the central place at the end of the church called ___. 149 Orientation of the Roman temple is towards the ___. 150 Orientation of the Greek temple is towards the ___. 151 152 Orientation of the Etruscan temple is towards the ___. Orientation of the Medieval Church 153 The space for the clergy and choir is separated by a low screen wall from the body of the church called ___. 154 Smallest cathedral in the world. (Byzantine period) 6/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 155 156 157 One of the few churches of its type to have survived having a square nave and without cross-arms, roofed by a dome which spans to the outer walls of the building. Type of plan of the Byzantine churches. First school which offered architecture in the Philippines 158 The best example of a German Romanesque church with apses at both east and west ends. 159 The council house in Greece. 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 The senate house of the Greeks. The oldest circus in Rome. The oldest and most important forum in Rome. The warm room in the Thermae The Hot room of the Thermae The dry or sweating room in the Thermae. The dressing room of the Thermae. The room for oils and unguents in the thermae. 168 The colosseum in Rome also known as the "flavian amphitheater" was commenced by whom and completed by whom? 169 The finest of Greek Tombs, also known as the 'tomb of Agamemnon'. 170 Who commenced the 'hall of hundred columns'? 171 172 173 174 175 The private house of the Romans. The sleeping room of the 'megaron'. Roman apartment blocks Semi-palatial house surrounded by an open site A roman house with a central patio. 176 A small private bath found in Roman houses or palaces. A megalithic structure consisting of several large stones set on end with a large 177 covering slab 178 Monumental gateway to an Egyptian temple consisting with slanting walls flanking the entrance portal 179 A massive funerary structure of stone or brick with a square base and four sloping triangular sides meeting at the apex; used mainly in ancient Egypt. 180 Principal room of Anatolian House 7/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 181 It consists of the upright column or support including the capital, base, if any, and the horizontal entablature or part supported. 182 The steps forming the base of a columned Greek temple 183 184 The principal chamber in a Greek temple containing the statue of deity. Dry sweating room with apodyteila or dressing room and unctuaria or for oils. 185 A great awning drawn over roman theatres and amphitheatres to protect spectators against the sun 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 Roman apartment block that rose four or more storey high A canopy supported by columns generally placed over an altar or tomb. A long arcaded entrance porch to a Christian Basilican Church. That part of a Greek house or Byzantine Church reserved for women Truncated wedge-blocks forming an arc A monument erected in memory of one not interned in or under it A rose or wheel window of the Romanesque Church was of ten placed over the 193 A period in Gothic Architecture in France characterized by circular windows with wheel tracery 194 Projecting ornament at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether vaulted or flat. 195 A slight convex curvature built into truss or beam to compensate for any anticipated deflection so that it will have no sag when under load. 196 A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recessed joints, principally employed in Renaissance building. 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 Designer of the Crystal Palace, London Architect of the Sagrada Familia, Barcelona Architect of the White House, D.C. Second Filipino registered architect after the well-known Tomas Mapua A mosque principal place of worship, or use of the bldg. for Friday prayers Man who leads the congregation at a prayer Architectural style characterized by Friezes and Crestings Sacred enclosure found at walls of Damascus great mosque 205 Erected to the memory of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal, it was the culminating work in the life of the emperor. 206 In Romanesque arch’re a period where an order founded by St. Bruno in 1806 is notably severe and adorned 8/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 207 208 General characteristic of the Romanesque empire was Vaulting compartment into six parts known as 209 A rectangular feature in the shape of a pillar, but projecting only about one sixth of its breath from wall 210 Is a circular tower 16 m ( 52 ft. ) in diameter rising in 8 stories of encircling arcades. 211 Roughly carved of men and beasts used as support columns of projecting porches and of bishops throne. 212 213 214 215 A secluded place Secular architecture The first Frankish king who became roman emperor, was crowned in 800 at Rome by the pope, and ruled over the franks, which included central Germany and northern France Type of roof in which 4 faces rest diagonally between the gables and converge at the top 216 The most important of the distinctive characteristics of mature Spanish Romanesque architecture 217 Is well endowed with medieval military achre and grand castles are particularly numerous in castle 218 219 220 Finest or Romanesque castles in Spain is at ____ Sited and designed to secure the routes from coastal ports to Jerusalem A civil settlement under the protection of a castle. 221 A projecting wall or parapet allowing floor openings, through w/c molten lead, pitch, stones were dropped only on an enemy below. 222 A parapet having a series of indentions or embrasures, between which are raised portions known as merlons 223 The upstanding part of an embattled parapet, between two crenels/ embrasure openings. 224 A squared timber used in bldg. construction or a low ridge of earth that marks a boundary line 225 226 A Scandinavian wooden church with vertical planks forming the walls Architecture was marked by copy roofs which frequently had more storey than the walls, and were provided with dormer windows to make through current of air for their use as a drying ground for the large monthly wash 9/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 227 A projection block or spur of stone carried with foliage to decorate the raking lines formed by angles of spires and canopies. 228 An arch starting from a detached pier and abutting against a wall to take the thrust of the vaulting. 229 A circular or polygonal apse when surrounded by an ambulatory of which are chapels. 230 An architectural style which in its period is the English equivalent of the high gothic of northern France first pointed. 231 232 Leafed ornament. Vertical tracery members dividing windows into different numbers of lights. 233 The actual sanctuary of a church beyond the choir and occupied only by the officiating clergy. 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 Single and most important building in Britain. A room, where food is stored in a manor house. The screen/ ornamental work rising behind the altar. Term applied to a tower crowned by a spire. A ledge or shelf behind an altar for holding vases or candles. Originally the minaret of the mosque. The largest medieval cathedral and is somewhat German in character in north Italy. 241 A space entirely or partly under a building in churches generally beneath the chancel and used for burial in early times. 242 A movement which begun in Italy in the 15th century created a break in the continuous revolution of European times. 243 In renaissance archre, which is logically staid and serene architectural style? 244 The phase in western European renaissance archre 1750-1830, when renewed inspiration was sought from ancient Greek and roman architecture 245 A term coined to describe the characteristics of the output of Italian renaissance architects of the period 1530-1600. Characterized by unconventional use of classical elements 246 A method of forming stonework with roughened surfaces and recessed joints, principally employed in renaissance buildings 247 248 A light portable receptacle for sacred relics Famous architect in Florence renaissance archre. 10/473 PREPARED BY: ALEXANDER N. SAN ANDRES HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE REVIEWER 249 250 251 The principal floor of an Italian palace, raised one floor above ground level and containing the principal social apartments. Known architect in early renaissance. Vertical members dividing windows into different numbers of lights. 252 Horizontal divisions or crossbars of windows. A twisted band, garland or chaplet, representing flowers, fruits, leaves often used in 253 decoration. An ornament consisting of a spirally wound band, either as a running ornament or as a 254 terminal. A room decorated with plants, sculpture and fountains (often decorated with nymphs) 255 and intended for relaxation. 256 France generally describe rococo as One of the winged heavenly beings that support the throne of god or act as guardian 257 spirits, or chubby, rosy- faced child with wings. Central shaft of a circular staircase also applied to the post in which the handrail is 258 framed. 259 A type of relief ornament or cresting resembling studded leather straps, arranged in geometrical and sometimes interlaced patterns; much used in the early renaissance archre in England. 260 Space between the columns. 261 An ornament in classic or renaissance archre consisting of an assembly of straight lines intersecting at right angles of various patterns. Also called key pattern 262 263 A stone gallery over the entrance to the choir of a cathedral or church. A term originally applied to the art of decorative painting in many colors, extended to the coloring of sculpture to enhance naturalism, also described to the application of variegated materials to achieve brilliant or striking effects 264 The selection of elements from diverse styles for architectural decorative designs,particularly during the 2nd half of the 19th century i...
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