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HD 115 Final Study Guide-jon

HD 115 Final Study Guide-jon - Berk Chp 15 cont Generally...

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Berk Chp 15 cont… Generally, what style of parenting is associated with academic achievement in adolescents? Authoritative parenting (warmth with moderate demandingness): these parents adjust their expectations to children’s capacity to take responsibility for their own behavior. They engage in joint decision making with adolescents, and gradually permit more autonomy with age…open discussion, accompanied by warmth and firmness makes adolescents feel competent, valued, constructive thinking, and self-regulation. How is parental involvement in school related to adolescents’ academic achievement? High-achieving young people typically have parents who keep tabs on child’s progress, communicate with teachers, and make sure their child is enrolled in challenging, well- taught classes. Parents who make frequent contact with school show their child about the value of education, promote wise educational decisions, and model constructive solutions to academic problems. What does research indicate about tracking in secondary school? Longitudinal research following 8-12 graders revealed that assignment to a college track (opposed to a non college track) accelerates academic progress, whereas assignment to a vocational or general education track decelerates it. Lower SES minority students tend to be assigned to lower course levels in most or all of their academic subjects, resulting in de facto (unofficial) tracking that sorts students into classes on the basis of their SES and ethnicity. Once put in a certain track it is hard to get out. Especially if a capable student is put in a lower track their performance will “sink” to the low level of their trackmates. Overall does research evidence support the use of high-stakes testing to improve the quality of education? No, accumulating evidence indicates that high-stakes testing often undermines rather than upgrades the quality of education. It can narrow the scope of what can be taught to only what needs to be taught to pass an exam. What strategies have been successful in preventing adolescents from dropping out of school? 11 % of American and Canadian young people leave w/o a diploma (just an interesting fact) 1. High quality vocation education: for border line students; the real-life nature of vocational education is more comfortable and effective than purely academic work. To work well the program has to integrate academic and vocational instruction in order to show the relevance of school work 2. Remedial instruction and counseling that offer personalized attention: To overcome the negative psychological effects of repeated school failure, academic assistance must be combined with social support. There should be tutors, mentors, and role models in addressing academic and vocational needs.
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3. Efforts to address the many factors in students’ lives related to leaving school: Programs to strengthen parental involvement, flexible work-study arrangements, on-site child care… 4. Participation in extracurricular activities:
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HD 115 Final Study Guide-jon - Berk Chp 15 cont Generally...

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