hd final study guide - Ch. 13 Generally how have children...

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Ch. 13 Generally how have children adjusted two years after a divorce? Most children have positive adjustment. Overall, children from divorced parents tend to score lower in academic achievement, self-esteem, social competence, and emotional and behavior problems. Divorce is also linked to problems with sexuality and developing intimate ties. Children with difficult temperaments usually have a harder time adjusting, leading to depression, dropping out of school, and engaging in antisocial behavior. What is the most important factor in a child’s positive adjustment following divorce? The main factor in positive adjustment is effective parenting. If the parent does well with hiding stress and family problems then adjustment is found to be easier Which is worse for children: remaining in a high-conflict intact family or making the transition to a low-conflict single-parent household? Staying in a high conflict intact family is worse than being in a low conflict single parent household What variables are related to children’s adjustment in blended families? Adjustment depends on which parent makes the new relationship, the child’s age and sex, and the complexity of the blended family relationships. It is said that older children and girls seem to have the hardest time adjusting. Mother-Stepfather Families – Boys adjust well usually, provides relief from mother-son cycles of interaction. Girls resist for the stepfather disrupts the floes ties formed between mother-daughter. Older children display more irresponsible behavior and are quick to point out unfair treatment. Father-Stepmother Families – Usually bad. Children tend to either have more problems. Or they have a close relationship with their father and now the new marriage disrupts that. Girls, especially, have a hard time w/ stepmothers for the father-daughter relationship is threatened. The longer the girl lives in this kind of household the better it gets though. In the end, girls benefit from the support of a 2 nd mother figure. What variables are related to how maternal employment affects children’s development? Development depends on the quality of child care and the continuing parent-child relationship. Mothers who enjoy their work and remain committed to parenting have children who show positive adjustment. Girls, especially, profit from the image of female competence. Employed mothers who value their parenting role are more likely to engage in authoritative child-rearing and coregulation. However, when employment places heavy demands on the mother’s schedule, children are at risk of ineffective parenting.
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What four factors foster resiliency (the capacity to overcome adversity) in middle childhood? Personal – Easygoing, sociable temperament, above-average intelligence,
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hd final study guide - Ch. 13 Generally how have children...

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