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Running head: JERUSALEM THE SACRED CITY 1 Jerusalem The Sacred City Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation
JERUSALEM THE SACRED CITY 2 Jerusalem –The Sacred City Historical Background Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel, is one of the oldest cities in the world. For centuries, Jerusalem has always held spiritual significance to Christians. According to the Bible, King David commissioned Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and his son King Solomon built the first temple in it. Today, Christians believe that Jerusalem is where Jesus Christ ministered, crucified and more importantly, rose from the dead. Resurrection, according to Christians, is the basic and central event without which Christianity losses its significance and essence (“ Vox Media” 2019). In this regards, Jerusalem, through the resurrection, became and still is the core of Christianity. Many consider it as the birthplace of Christianity and from where Christianity spread to other parts of the world. Inside Jerusalem is the Church of Holy Sepulchre which is considered the holiest site by the Christians as it commemorates the Via Dolorosa (the route Jesus took to his crucifixion), resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ to heaven ( Sabar, 1998) . Many Christians believe that was crucified in Jerusalem and his tomb is located inside the Church of Holy Sepulchre. The Church of Sepulchre is managed jointly by different Christian denominations, mainly the Armenian Patriarchate, the Franciscan Friars of the Roman Catholic Church, and the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate among others.
JERUSALEM THE SACRED CITY 3 Jerusalem City – Courtesy of World Atlas The Church of Holy Sepulchre – Courtesy of Wikipedia Development as a Sacred Place For Christians, Jerusalem is more than just the capital for Israel; it is more a religious concept that has stood the test of time. According to tradition, Jerusalem is the place where
JERUSALEM THE SACRED CITY 4 the first Jew-cum-Christian Abraham nearly sacrificed his son around C1800 BCE. Fast- forward, after the Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt around C1000 BCE, they returned to Israel from where they gradually developed Jerusalem as a holy city ( Consulting, & Seed, 2019). King David would later choose Jerusalem as his capital with his son King Solomon commissioning the first temple in it. Centuries ago, head of all Israelite households were required to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem to commemorate their Christian faith. Those who never manage the pilgrimage were required to pray towards Jerusalem as a sign of faith.

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