experiment example paper 2.pdf - Psychology of Popular Media Culture The Social Effect of Exposure to Mental Illness Media Portrayals Influencing

experiment example paper 2.pdf - Psychology of Popular...

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Psychology of Popular Media Culture The Social Effect of Exposure to Mental Illness Media Portrayals: Influencing Interpersonal Interaction Intentions Julius Matthew Riles Online First Publication, November 29, 2018. CITATION Riles, J. M. (2018, November 29). The Social Effect of Exposure to Mental Illness Media Portrayals: Influencing Interpersonal Interaction Intentions. Psychology of Popular Media Culture . Advance online publication.
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The Social Effect of Exposure to Mental Illness Media Portrayals: Influencing Interpersonal Interaction Intentions Julius Matthew Riles University of Missouri A theoretical model is proposed to predict the influence of media consumption on social interaction intentions regarding individuals with mental illness. This model of mediated interaction intentions is informed by media priming theory, as well as the reasoned action approach. It incorporates stigma beliefs and prejudicial attitudes to uniquely predict the influence of media exposure on social inclinations. An experimental examination reveals partial support for the hypothesized model via the mediator of attitudes, though not social stigma. Nevertheless, all analyses support the contention that prejudice and stigma are unique perceptions that should be treated as conceptually and operationally distinct. Moreover, prejudice and stigma (as attitudes and norms, respectively) are suitable concepts to employ in an interpersonal adaptation of the reasoned action approach predicting sociobehavioral inclinations. This study contributes to theorizing about how media can have problematic interpersonal outcomes due to their influence on underlying social perceptions. Theoretical implications and directions for future research are discussed. Public Policy Relevance Statement Consumption of media portrayals of individuals with various mental health conditions is often associated with harmful perceptual effects; however, effects related specifically to interpersonal outcomes receive far less attention. In this study, mechanisms that could potentially explain how message consumption could negatively influence interpersonal interaction intentions are articulated. Furthermore, an experiment is conducted that reveals the capacity of these attitudinal (i.e., prejudice) and norm-based (i.e., stigma) mechanisms to explain mediated social inclinations when adapted via the psychological framework of the reasoned action approach. Keywords: mental health, interpersonal interaction, priming, stigma, prejudice Media messages are pervasive. Researchers have long discussed how exposure to certain portrayals in the media have the potential to influence beliefs and attitudes about other people (Morgan & Shanahan, 2010). For example, Dixon (2008) has demonstrated that crime news consumption can influence beliefs about African Americans being dangerous. Similarly, Angermeyer, Dietrich, Pott, and Matschinger (2005) observed that public attitudes toward people with schizophrenia worsened sharply following reports of
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