新gre官方考试指南OG第二版.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. Show graduate Sh d programs a more complete picture of your potential for success The ETS® Personal Potential Index (ETS® PPI) is a convenient, web-based tool that collects feedback from evaluators you select to provide information about you on personal qualities that graduate deans and faculty have told us are important for success, including: 6)*2'! #!) -!/%1%/3 6*((0)%/%*)&%''. 6!(2*-& 6!.%'%!)! 6'))%)#) -#)%4/%*) 6/$%.) )/!#-%/3 )!3*0-!1'0/*-.$1!+-*1% ! /$!%-"!! &3*0.!'!/(0'/%+'!!1'0/%*)."*- %)'0.%*)%)0./*(%4! 1'0/%*)!+*-//$/2%''!.!)/*)5 !)/%''3/*/$! institutions of your choice. When used with GRE® scores, ETS PPI can help you stand out. $!0)%,0!%)"*-(/%*)*)/%)! %)3*0-!.3/*0.!) %)"*-(/%1!1'0/%*) !+*-/*(+'!(!)/./$!%)"*-(/%*)+-*1% ! 37.*-!.) /-).-%+/.) ) help graduate and business schools know you’re up to the challenge. Register for the GRE® General Test, and you can send four FREE ETS PPI Evaluation Reports to the graduate programs of your choice! To get started or to learn more, visit This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. Welcome to The Official Guide to the GRE ® revised General Test The book you’re holding is a one-of-a-kind resource: the only GRE® guide created by the ETS team that produces the actual exam. This book is uniquely suited to help you do your best on this challenging test. Here’s what you’ll find inside: b Two real, full-length GRE practice tests. Use actual tests to sharpen your skills and build your confidence. b Two simulated, computer-based GRE practice tests. Experience test prep that is as close to the actual test as you can get with the the POWERPREP®II, Version 2.0 Software. Download the free software at powerprep2/download. b Authentic GRE questions with answers and explanations. Practice with real test questions created by the test makers. b ETS’s own test-taking strategies. Learn valuable hints and tips that can help you get your best score. b Official information on the GRE revised General Test. Get the facts about the test content and structure—straight from ETS. About ETS At ETS, we advance quality and equity in education for people worldwide by creating assessments based on rigorous research. ETS serves individuals, educational institutions, and government agencies by providing customized solutions for teacher certification, English language learning, and elementary, secondary, and post-secondary education, as well as conducting education research, analysis, and policy studies. Founded as a nonprofit in 1947, ETS develops, administers and scores more than 50 million tests annually — including the TOEFL® and TOEIC® tests, the GRE® tests, and The Praxis Series™ assessments — in more than 180 countries at over 9,000 locations worldwide. For more information, visit . This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. This page intentionally left blank This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. IMPORTANT ETS makes available free test preparation materials for individuals planning to take a GRE test. POWERPREP II software is available for individuals planning to take the computer-based GRE revised General Test, and the Practice Book for the Paper-based GRE revised General Test is available for individuals planning to take the paper-based test. The information about how to prepare for the revised General Test, test-taking strategies, question strategies, etc., that is included in the free test preparation is also included in this Guide. The Guide also provides you with additional sets of practice questions and two additional full-length practice tests with explanatory materials. For more information about the GRE revised General Test, free and low-cost GRE test preparation materials, and other GRE products and services, please visit the GRE website at Inquiries concerning the practice test questions in this book should be sent to the GRE testing program at [email protected] This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. This page intentionally left blank This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. The Official GRE Guide to the ® 2nd Edition revised General Test New York | Chicago | San Francisco | Lisbon | London | Madrid | Mexico City Milan | New Delhi | San Juan | Seoul | Singapore | Sydney | Toronto This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. Contents 1 How to Use This Book / Software Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi About the GRE ® revised General Test 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Structure and Content of the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Preparing for the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Test-taking Strategies for the Computer-based Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Test-taking Strategies for the Paper-based Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Understanding GRE Scoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2 GRE ® Analytical Writing 11 Overview of the Analytical Writing Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Preparing for the Analytical Writing Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 General Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Analyze an Issue Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Analyze an Argument Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 GRE Scoring Guide: Analyze an Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 GRE Scoring Guide: Analyze an Argument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Score Level Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 3 GRE ® Verbal Reasoning 43 Overview of the Verbal Reasoning Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Verbal Reasoning Question Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. 4 GRE ® Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions 53 SET 1. Discrete Questions: Easy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 SET 2. Reading Comprehension Questions: Easy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 SET 3. Discrete Questions: Medium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 SET 4. Reading Comprehension Questions: Medium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 SET 5. Discrete Questions: Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 SET 6. Reading Comprehension Questions: Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Answers and Explanations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 5 GRE ® Quantitative Reasoning 107 Overview of the Quantitative Reasoning Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Quantitative Reasoning Question Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Using the Calculator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Mathematical Conventions for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 6 GRE ® Quantitative Reasoning Practice Questions 143 SET 1. Discrete Questions: Easy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 SET 2. Discrete Questions: Medium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 SET 3. Discrete Questions: Hard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 SET 4. Data Interpretation Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Answers and Explanations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. 7 GRE ® Math Review 207 1. Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 2. Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 3. Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 4. Data Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 8 GRE ® Practice Test 1 303 Section 1: Analytical Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 Section 2: Analytical Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 Section 3: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 Section 4: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 Section 5: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329 Section 6: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 Evaluating Your Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345 Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347 Score Conversion Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351 Analytical Writing Sample Responses and Reader Commentaries . . . . . . . . 353 Section 1: Analyze an Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .353 Section 2: Analyze an Argument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .360 Answers and Explanations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367 Section 3: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367 Section 4: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381 Section 5: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396 Section 6: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. 9 GRE ® Practice Test 2 431 Section 1: Analytical Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432 Section 2: Analytical Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434 Section 3: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437 Section 4: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446 Section 5: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456 Section 6: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 464 Evaluating Your Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473 Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475 Score Conversion Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479 Analytical Writing Sample Responses and Reader Commentaries . . . . . . . . 481 Section 1: Analyze an Issue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .481 Section 2: Analyze an Argument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .489 Answers and Explanations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496 Section 3: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496 Section 4: Verbal Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 Section 5: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527 Section 6: Quantitative Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546 This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. How to Use This Book/Software Package This book/software package provides a large amount of important information about the GRE revised General Test, the kinds of questions it includes, and the knowledge and skills that it measures. The book and software will help you: b b b b b Familiarize yourself with the test format and the test question types Identify the test-taking skills you most need to focus on Review the math topics you need to know for the test Check your progress with Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning practice questions Practice your test-taking skills using actual GRE tests The following six-step program has been designed to help you make the best use of this book and software. STEP 1 Learn About the GRE revised General Test Format Chapter 1 of this book provides official information about the structure of the GRE revised General Test. Read this chapter to learn about the different test sections, the number of questions in each section, and the section time limits. You’ll also find valuable test-taking strategies from ETS and important information about how the test is scored. STEP 2 Study the Different GRE Question Types Chapters 2, 3, and 5 of this book describe the types of questions you’ll encounter in the three sections of the GRE revised General Test. Chapter 2 describes the Analytical Writing section, which requires you to write essays in response to prompts that you will be given. Chapter 3 describes the Verbal Reasoning question types. Chapter 5 describes the Quantitative Reasoning question types. In each case, you will learn what the questions are designed to measure, and you will get tips for answering each question type. You will also see samples of each question type, with helpful explanations. STEP 3 Practice Answering GRE Verbal and Quantitative Reasoning Questions Chapters 4 and 6 offer sets of practice Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning questions in the format of the GRE revised General Test. The question sets are arranged in order of increasing difficulty, from easy through medium to hard. Answer the questions in each set, then read through the explanations to see which test topics you found most challenging. Look for patterns. Did specific question formats give you trouble? When did you need to guess at the answer? Use your results to identify your weaknesses and to sharpen your test-taking skills. This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. STEP 4 Use the Test Preview Tool in the POWERPREP ®II Software The Test Preview Tool includes a sample of each of the question types formatted as they would be on the actual computer-based test. The Tool also contains the Help screens, the Review screen, the word-processing software for the Analytical Writing section, and the on-screen calculator, so that you can become familiar with all of the features of the computer-based GRE revised General Test. STEP 5 Review GRE Math Topics Chapter 7 provides a review of math topics tested in the GRE revised General Test Quantitative Reasoning sections. You do not necessarily need to tackle every topic in the review, or to work through the review in the order in which it is presented. Skip around if you like, but remember to focus on the topics that you know give you trouble. Each section of the review ends with practice problems that you can use to see how well you have mastered the material. If you get a problem wrong, go back into the review section and re-read the corresponding instructional text. STEP 6 Take the Practice Tests Once you have completed your review, get ready for the real exam by taking the authentic GRE Practice Tests in Chapters 8 and 9 of this book and in the POWERPREP®II software. When you take each test, try to simulate actual testing conditions. If you are taking one of the tests in Chapters 8 and 9, sit in a quiet space, time yourself, and work through as much of the test as time allows. If you are taking one of the tests on the in the software, each test section will be timed for you. You’ll gain experience with the test format, and you’ll learn to pace yourself so that you can earn your highest score in the time allowed. Please Note: for users of the software If you need screen magnification or selectable colors to take the computer-based GRE revised General Test, you can download a special version of ZoomText software from the GRE website at . This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. 1 About the GRE ® revised General Test Your goal for this chapter g Review basic information on the structure of the test, test preparation, and scoring Introduction T he GRE® revised General Test—the most widely accepted graduate admissions test worldwide—measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that are necessary for success in graduate and business school. Prospective graduate and business school applicants from all around the world take the GRE revised General Test. Applicants come from varying educational and cultural backgrounds, and the GRE revised General Test provides a common measure for comparing candidates’ qualifications. GRE scores are used by admissions committees and fellowship panels to supplement your undergraduate records, recommendation letters, and other qualifications for graduate-level study. The GRE revised General Test is available at about 700 test centers in more than 160 countries. In most regions of the world, the computer-based test is available on a continuous basis throughout the year. In Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Korea, the computer-based test is available one to three times per month. In areas of the world where computer-based testing is not available, the test is administered in a paper-based format up to three times a year. For the most up-to-date information about the GRE revised General Test, visit the GRE website at . 1 This ebook was issued to HUAN-LIN CHANG, order #14803770223. Unlawful distribution of this ebook is prohibited. About the GRE revised General Test Structure and Content of the Test Content The GRE revised General Test is composed of three measures—Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning. b The Analytical Writing section measures the ability to articulate and support complex ideas, examine claims and accompanying evidence, sustain a focused and coherent ...
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  • Fall '19
  • Standardized test, Graduate Record Examination, test score, quantitative reasoning

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