Exercise 2 Answers.pdf - Exercise for Week 3 answers The...

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Exercise for Week 3 answers The author argues that: (1) Americans are more solitary than ever before (para. 1). Comment: This conclusion is supported by the next two sentences in the paragraph. (2) Solitary living does not guarantee a life of unhappiness (para. 1). Comment: This conclusion is supported by the next sentence in the paragraph. (3) Loneliness and being alone are not the same thing (para. 2). Comment: This conclusion is supported by the next two sentences in the paragraph. The first of those sentences says that “[s]olitude can be lovely.” If so, then you can be alone without feeling lonely. The following sentence says that “[cr]owded parties can be agony.” The point that the author wants to make in saying this is that if you’re at a crowded party, and therefore not alone, you may nevertheless feel lonely. The two sentences taken together tell us that you can be alone without feeling lonely and that you can feel lonely even if you aren’t alone. If so, then “loneliness and being alone are not the same thing.” (4) (a) We know that loneliness is not a matter of external conditions; it is a psychological state. Or (b) Loneliness is not a matter of external conditions; it is a psychological state. Or (c) Loneliness is a psychological state. Comment: These three versions of the conclusion are based on the fourth sentence in paragraph 2 and are supported by the fifth sentence in paragraph 2; note the words “showed that” in the fifth sentence. (5) Loneliness has risen drastically over a very short period of recent history (para. 3). Comment: This conclusion is supported by the last sentence in paragraph 3. (6) The new studies on loneliness are beginning to yield some surprising preliminary findings about its mechanisms (para. 4). Comment: This is the first sentence in paragraph 4. In the following sentences of paragraph 4, the author presents findings that, on a natural reading of the paragraph, he regards as support for the first sentence.

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