Chapter 21 - Guided Reading Assignment Chapter 21 TIMELINE...

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Guided Reading Assignment: Chapter 21 TIMELINE : Insert the following events into a timeline. This should help you compare important historical events chronologically. Safavid conquest of Persia completed Babur’s conquest of India fall of Constantinople to Ottomans Nadir Shah proclaimed sultan of Persia death of Aurangzeb, Mughal decline begins Ottoman victory at Battle of Chaldiran ____1453 ____1510 ____1514 ____1526 ____1707 ____1736 TERMS, PEOPLE, EVENTS: The following terms, people and events are important to your understanding of the chapter. Define each one on a separate sheet of paper. Ottomans: Turkic people who advanced from strongholds in Asia Minor during 1350s; conquered large part of Balkans; unified under Mehmed I; captured COnstantinople in 1453; established empire from Balkans that included most of Arab world Mehmed II: Ottoman sultan called the “Conqueror”; responsible for conquest of Constantinople in 1453; destroyed what remained of Byzantine Empire Janissaries: Ottoman infantry divisions that dominated Ottoman armies; forcibly conscripted as boys in conquered areas of Balkans, legally slaves; translated military service into political influence, particularly 15th century vizier: Ottoman equivalent of the Abbasid wazir; head of the Ottoman
bureaucracy; after 15th century often more powerful than sultan Safavid dynasty: Originally Turkic nomadic group; family originated in Sufi mystic group; espoused Shi’ism; conquered territory and established kingdom in region equivalent to modern Irn; lasted until 1722 Sail al-Din: DEarly 14th century Sufi mystic; began campaign to purify Islam; first member of Safavid dynasty

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