History 20 Ch7 Outline.docx - History 20 11 October 2017...

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History 20 11 October, 2017 Chapter 7: Islam Universal Submission to God The end of the largest monotheistic religious belief occurring in Southwest Asia was Muslim emerging in Arabia in the early 7th century. Muslims mean "submit" in Arabic and Muslims submit to the will of God. Muslim prophets were merchants of Mecca called Abdullah Muhammad ibn (son) who began receiving a vision called about 610 people as apostles of Allah. In 622, the majority of him and his small band traveled over 200 km northeast to the Medinat al-Nabi (City of the Prophet), or to the oasis settlement more simply called the Medina. The situation of the Medina forced Muhammad to add the obligations of politicians and warriors to the mission of the prophet, and he succeeded in all three people. After the struggle for more than seven years, in January 630, 10 million followers named Muhammad won Mecca. When Muhammad died in 632, his closest friend Abu Baka served as the title and office of the caliph (the representative of the prophet) and accepted the leadership for the Islamic family, but did not claim to be a prophet. His idea of becoming a dominant theological position in Islam was that the deity of Muhammad ended God's revelation. Both the Sassanian Persian and Byzantine were exhausted from each other in a series of wars from 503 to 627. In addition, the Byzantine Empire was deprived of rent by ethnic and religious discord. Therefore, when Muslims began to attack the territory of these adjacent empires, they found a ripe land for conquest. When Cardinal Abbas (750 - 1258) founded the Tigris court in Baghdad in 762, he asserted control of the multiethnic ecumene, one of the fastest growing religions in human history. The culture of this world society is a combination of many elements, the most important of which are Arab, Persia, and Hellenism. Later, other people, in particular the Turks, convert to Muslims, and carry them to the far end of Central Asia, especially Anatolia, the old nucleus of the Byzantine Empire in the northern part of India. Arab and Persian merchants bring Islam back to the Swahili coast of East Africa, and later Merchants in East Africa, India and Arab will cross the Indian Ocean and transfer faith to Southeast Asia and South China ports. In short, by 1450, Islam was one of the fastest growing and widest spread religions on Earth.
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  • Fall '17
  • CALLHAN
  • Islam, Abdullah Muhammad

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