History 20 Ch 5 outline.docx - History 20 20 September 2017...

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History 20 20 September, 2017 Chapter 5: Regional Empires and Afro-Eurasian Interchange, 300 b.c.e.–500 c.e. Regional Empires and Afro-Eurasian Interchange, 300 b.c.e.–500 c.e. By around 300 BC, the cultural traditions of China, India, Southwest Asia, and Hellas have firmly established and are ready to expand beyond their original boundaries. The expansion of the power of the empire which was mainly subjected to military conquest played an important role in broadening the influence of China, Southwest Asia, and Greek culture, but it was not a factor of creation in Daito India of East India. First century earlier, people in the coastal region of Southeast Asia accepted Indian culture elements including Hinduism and Buddhist religious tradition from merchants traversing the Bay of Bengal. The Chinese Han Dynasty army conquered Manchuria and North Korea and established hegemony for people outside the Chinese in the north of Vietnam and the south of the foot of Himalayas. On the west side, Han people invaded Central Asia deeply. From the second half of the sixth century to the latter half of the 4th century, the Persian empire centered on southwest Asia covered the area from Nile to Indus, Mediterranean to Persian Gulf, Black Sea to the Red Sea. Later in the 4th century, Persia and Greece were integrated into a single empire during a short and important moment. Merchants, scholars, adventurers who traveled along the routes and sea along this new empire were combined to create a cultural merger of Alexander's troops, as well as elements of Southwest Asia, Egypt, and even India. The world culture that was mainly limited to residents of urban areas, have spread from the center of the West Asia and northwest India to the center of the Mediterranean, many of whom were Greek in the form and inspiration. Alexander's empire was unable to survive him, but the merger of ethnic and cultural fabrics he fabricated served as the foundation for the successor to Hellenistic in Egypt, Southwest Asia, and the Mediterranean. Among them, the most impressive was the Roman Empire. Rome and Han China were certainly not the only great empire of Afro-Eurasia. It is an important link along the caravan route network connecting the Mediterranean, India, Central Asia and China, it is enough to say that historians are called romantically but misleadingly Silk Road. Han China Looking around Africa / Eurasia around the millennium, there are two huge empires of about the same size and population at the edge of this continent. During the next two centuries, Han China and Rome dominated their respective regions and expanded with military power far beyond their homeland. Han dynasty presided over one of the Golden Age of China. It expanded China's influence, extending to Korea, Vietnam, eastern Central Asia.
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