History 20 Ch 6 Outline.docx - History 20 5 October 2017...

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History 20 5 October, 2017 Chapter 6: Universal Religions of Salvation in Uncertain World: 1-600 C.E. Universal Religions of Salvation in Uncertain World: 1-600 C.E. At the beginning of the exchange of Afro Eurasia, Buddhism and Hinduism experienced serious changes. Furthest from the perspective of world history was a new form of Buddhist beliefs and dedication - Mahayana denomination, which provided promises of salvation through mediation of sacred Messiah. This message attracted many people who are suffering from the turmoil of the collapse of the first African-Eurasian Ecumene. During the first century BC, Mahayana Buddhist ideas began to enter China from Central Asian lands as far away as Iran, Iraq, and Syria, and in the centuries, that followed, the Mahayana doctrine swept through East Asia, becoming the dominant form of Buddhist devotion in China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Tibet, and Mongolia. A mysterious religion rooted in ancient and community far away like Egypt and Iran swept many social classes of the Roman Empire, but in particular they at least cleaned the wealthy religion at least reasonably. Whereas the mystery religions promised individual transcendence from the normal human condition, a new form of Judaism, Rabbinical Judaism, continued to emphasize the entire community’s special relationship and Covenant with its God in the here and now, but it did so now in new and fruitful ways that placed greater moral responsibility on individuals. Indeed, the rabbi (teacher) marked a permanent mark on Jewish religion and 21st century culture. Essentially, Judaism that exists today is the Jewish rabbi in the post-Bible. Bhakti: The Way of Devotion In one of the Bhagavad Gita’s most famous scenes, Krishna, an incarnation of the god Vishnu, teaches Arjuna that bhakti, or unconditional devotion to a god, is one of several yogas, or paths of selfless, god-focused action, by which a person can win release from the cycle of rebirth. Through asceticism, studying sacred scriptures, and meditation, I appealed to those who do not have the temperament or margin to achieve liberation from substance bondage. Dedicated Yoga who enthusiastically admire the Savior's God showed promises that everyone will be released soon. Since the Gupta era, among many Hindus, the tendency to return Brahman 's myriad divine personality the One, to three: Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer. Of this trinity, Brahma was most worshiped as it was perceived as a god of a distant king who retired from secular matters after completing the creation process. However, Hindus worshiped Vishnu and Shiva extensively, especially in South India, and became two of the great gods of Asia. The exported Shiva cult was particularly popular in Southeast Asia and was even adopted by some Buddhist sects.
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