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Prelim 1 study guide

Prelim 1 study guide - HD 362 Human Bonding Dr Campa Fall...

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HD 362 -- Human Bonding Dr. Campa Fall 2007 PRELIM ONE STUDY GUIDE The first prelim will be given in class on Tuesday September 25 th and you will have the entire period to work on it. It will cover lectures from August 28 th through September 20 th , and corresponding assigned readings (see below for details). The exam will contain both multiple-choice and short essay questions, and count for 25% of your course grade. In general, the questions are designed to test understanding and integration more than simple memorization (see below for examples from previous exams). On Tuesday, February 27 h , some time will be reserved for answering any questions you may have about the readings or lecture material. Keep in mind that the graduate TAs are available to help during their weekly walk-in hours (see the syllabus for times and locations) and that TakeNote is on reserve at Mann and Uris libraries. Exam questions may be based on any of the lecture material but, for the readings, there are specific sections and issues you are advised to focus on. Questions drawn from the readings will address only the following: -------------------------------------------------------- Reis & Collins: Focus your review on the following sections: Why relationships matter (pp. 233-234) and Relationships and development (pp. 235- 236). Bowlby: Be familiar with the history that led Bowlby to the development of attachment theory; also focus on the sections: The child’s tie to his mother (pp. 24 – 29) and Research (pp. 36-38). Wright: There will be no questions about this paper. Hofer: Focus your review on the following sections: Why is early maternal separation stressful (pp. 85 – 86) and How can early relationships have lasting effects (pp. 86 – 87). Ainsworth et al.: Be familiar with the behavior of infants in each of the three categories both at home and in the strange situation paradigm. Spieker et al: Be familiar with the 2 hypothesized mechanisms presented in the paper as well as the evidence for and against each. Suomi: Focus your review on the following sections: Effects of Maternal Deprivation (pp. 175-177), Effects of Disruptions in Maternal Care (pp. 178-179), and Effects of Unusually Secure Early Attachments (pp. 179-181). Pellis & Pellis: Be familiar with the evidence for the mechanisms (brain and social) that relate play fighting to social and cognitive outcomes. Fullard & Reiling: Be familiar with Lorenz’s concept of “babyness” and the major findings on age- and gender-related differences and changes in the appeal of infant versus adult features. Fink & Penton-Voak: Focus on the cues of symmetry, averageness, and sexually dimorphic hormone markers (pp. 102-103) and the various interpretations of/theories about their significance in attraction and mating. Thornhill & Gangestad: FA is an index of asymmetry between the left and right sides of individual bodies. It’s based on the notion that symmetry represents optimal development and thus asymmetry is a “bad” sign. What has FA been found to correlate with in nonhuman species? How did the researchers measure FA in human subjects, and what did they find? Buston & Emlen: This study addressed the question of whether heterosexual individuals in Western societies tend to “relate self- perception on sex-specific indicators of reproductive potential to selectivity of mate preference for sex-specific indicators of reproductive potential in the opposite sex” OR “relate self-perception on one trait to selectivity of mate preference in the same trait.” What were the findings? -------------------------------------------------------
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An example and deconstruction of the kind of multiple-choice question you can expect: According to the secondary drive theory of infant-caregiver attachment, what is the reason that infants become emotionally attached to the adults who take care of them? (a) Primary drives are innate whereas secondary drives are learned through experience. (b) Adult caregivers are the ones who typically satisfy infants’ primary hunger drive. (c) Infants are innately predisposed to become attached to their adult caregivers. (d) The satisfaction of hunger is secondary to the satisfaction of contact comfort. (e) Human infants who bond with their adult caregivers are more likely to survive.
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