NURS350 WEEK 8 FINAL PAPER.edited.docx - Running head WEEK 8 CRITIQUE OF RESEARCH ARTICLE 1 Research Critic about Pressure ulcer Risk and Prevalence in

NURS350 WEEK 8 FINAL PAPER.edited.docx - Running head WEEK...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 13 pages.

Running head: WEEK 8 CRITIQUE OF RESEARCH ARTICLE 1 Research Critic about Pressure ulcer Risk and Prevalence in Acute Hospital Vivian Toma West Coast University
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

WEEK 8 CRITIQUE OF RESEARCH ARTICLE 2 Abstract This research study sought to quantify PU prevalence and to describe and identify the PU risk factors in acute hospital wards. In order to achieve this, a descriptive quantitative study was performed in 13 wards in a central hospital in Finland. 229 consenting adult inpatients were evaluated for PU risk using the Braden risk assessment method, full skin and medical assessment using NPUAP Pressure Ulcer Classification System, and demographic data. The non-probability sample method and convenience sampling were utilized to create the sample size. Data analysis tools were used such as the multiple logistic regression analysis, cumulative logistic model, and Fischer’s exact test. The result findings indicate that PUs occur with significant frequency in acute hospital wards, and that the patient’s age and length of treatment period were associated with PU risk, while only length of treatment period was associated with PU prevalence. The theoretical concepts draw solely on nursing theory collectively known as the metaparadigm (person, health, environment, and nursing). The theoretical framework that might be suitable for this study is the Self Care Deficit theory by Dorothea Orem. The strengths of the study include the fact that patients with existing PUs prior to hospital admission were included and vast data collected based on patients’ demographics. However, the limitations of this research were also evident such as small sample size, short duration of data collection, exemption of nutritional assessment, failure to report patients’ diagnoses, and non-usage of Braden scale assessment tool in the study hospital prior to research study.
Image of page 2
WEEK 8 CRITIQUE OF RESEARCH ARTICLE 3 Research Critic about Pressure ulcer Risk and Prevalence in Acute Hospital Introduction Hospitals are institutions that help people recover from their illnesses. These institutions thrive to commit to the goal of providing the best quality of care for each patient that comes into the facility. However, hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) have been prevalent in hospital facilities adding to a patient's problem list, increase in treatment costs and reimbursement issues. “Stages III and IV pressure ulcers (PUs) that occur during hospitalization are among the conditions considered preventable by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services” (Zaratkiewicz et al., 2010). Zaratkiewicz et al. (2010) also added that a comparison of 1993- 20006 data indicates an increase of 86.4% in hospitalization where PUs was noted. Thus, prevention of HAPUs is an area of heightened focus to improve patient safety, reduce medical errors, and meet regulatory requirements. The research problem stated in the article is the risk and prevalence of pressure ulcers among patients in an acute hospital in Finland. The purpose of
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 4

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes