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Information and Knowledge Management ISSN 2224-5758 (Paper) ISSN 2224-896X (Online) Vol.6, No.3, 2016 50 The Evolution of E-Learning and New Trends Zlatko Bezhovski 1* Subitcha Poorani 2 1.Goce Delchev University, Krste Misirkov No.10-A, Stip, Macedonia 2.Anna University, CEG , 12, Sardar Patel Rd,, Chennai, India Abstract The electronic learning (E-Learning) considered as computer assisted learning has been around since the 1960s but its adoption and popularization mainly started after the popularization of the internet and the web. Since its introduction till present days the e-learning rapidly evolved regarding the technology and the e-learning methods/tools used. Having in mind that it has many benefits for the teacher/instructors from one side and the learners on the other, the e-learning found its application in education, business and the military or wherever is needed. The purpose of this paper is to outline, examine and discuss the evolution, the current state and the new trends in e-learning. The research showed that there is abundance of available technology and e-learning tools that foster and support the learning process. It is evident that e-learning is widely used in education and business and it is expected to grow further. On the other hand there is insufficient evidence of the particular effectiveness of the various pedagogical methodologies used for e-learning. Current state in e-learning and prevailing new trends form the foundations for future direction and development of this field for educational and training purposes. These trends include but are not limited to: blended learning, micro learning, gasification, personalized learning, Massive Open Online Courses, etc. Keywords: E-learning, Learning Management Systems, Education, Training, Distance Learning 1. Introduction E-learning is the practice of using information and communication technology to create learning experience that can be formulated, organized and created with ample freedom without any boundaries (Horton, 2006). It is a process where a set of lessons is provided on digital devices like computers or any mobile devices that supports the learning. E-Learning is interactive learning in which the learning content is available online and provides automatic feedback to the student's learning activities (Paulsen, 2003). Besides acquiring general knowledge one of the other main goals of e-learning is to develop professional skills and understanding to help learners to achieve their learning objectives (Clarke, Mayer, 2008). In an era where educational and technological modernizations are redefining the standards of higher education, the converging point of interconnection is e- learning (Garrison, 2002). The concept of E-learning has been here for more than two decades. What once was just a radical idea now evolved into mainstream phenomenon. The manner in which the e-learning methodology evolved can be approached as a chain process. When the internet started to change, people using the internet started to change and just importantly e-learning pedagogy techniques originated to evolve. Modern e-learning trends are stated as
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