Glossary.pdf - Glossary 8/1/19, 12(22 AM Glossary 8–4...

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8/1/19, 12(22 AMGlossaryGlossary8–4 systemAn arrangement in which children attend a lower school for 8 years before moving on to ahigh school for 4 years.
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Goals based on a desire to be superior to others.
The last stage in Kübler-Ross's stages of dying.
A change to a scheme as a result of some new information.
Tests that are designed to assess specific information learned in school.
A viral disease that is transmitted through an exchange of bodily fluids.
In childbirth, begins when the cervix is 3 to 4 centimeters dilated and continues untildilation has reached 8 centimeters and contractions are closer together and more intense.activities of daily living (ADLs)
activity theory
8/1/19, 12(22 AMGlossaryacute myocardial infarctionA sudden heart attack.
Page 2 of 90about:blankWritten instructions regarding end-of-life care.African infant precocityA phenomenon in which African infants, especially those born in rural areas, reach somemotor milestones earlier than babies in other parts of the world.afterbirthDelivery of the placenta and other material from the uterus.age normsBeliefs about the appropriate timing of developmental milestones.
Reflexes such as sucking that help infants survive.
Both psychological and physical dependence on a stimulus.
The transitional period between childhood and adulthood.
The belief that one's thoughts, beliefs, and feelings are unique.
Those with behaviors that are typically milder and more transitory and begin after puberty.
When the pituitary gland signals a child's adrenal gland to step up its production ofandrogen.
8/1/19, 12(22 AMGlossaryPage 3 of 90about:blankage-associated cognitive decline (AACD)A cognitive disorder that includes a gradual decline in cognitive function along with lowscores on standardized tests.age-related macular degeneration (AMD)A disease of the retina that diminishes vision for fine details.ageismPrejudicial attitudes about older adults that characterize them in negative ways.aggressionBehavior intended to harm another person or an object.aggressive/rejectedA social status group in children in which the child is rejected by peers; is often disruptive,uncooperative, and bossy; and usually believe that peers like them.aging in placeLiving in a noninstitutional environment, to which modifications have been made toaccommodate an older adult's needs.

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