AFP-Notes - 1/28/2008 Concise History of American Foreign...

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1/28/2008 Concise History of American Foreign Policy Independence Revolutionary War: •Defines American culture/identity. Defined and influence by nature of which America came to be a country. Bases for why people settled and revolted in America formed foundation of American foreign policy. Why People came to U.S. to settle: •Material advantages: to own land, economic prosperity. Europe in 18 th century: land hereditary, crowded. •Utopian Ideals: freedom from religious persecution Goals of American foreign policy after revolutionary war: •Trade: Very strong economic/trading contacts. •Political isolation: independence from alliances secures America’s liberty. Get too involved: war inevitably produces centralization of government. War could force US into situation where it would give up territories, liberties, independence •US declares itself politically neutral in all conflicts: allows US to maintain trading access to other states. -Did form temporary alliances (revolutionary war: France) would form short-term alliances to help immediate security goals. •Policy neutrality motivating factor for war of 1812 -Disputed territory along northern American border -British policies of impressments. British naval vessels would seize American ships and impress (force) American sailors to work on British ships. -Napoleonic war; British primary tool: blockade of France. -America neutrality allows reserves right to trade relations with anyone in the conflict British blockade does not allow American trading vessels into France. America maintains Britain is violating international law. -End of the war: territory dispute not really settled, Britain burns D.C. Treaty of Ghent: doesn’t resolve much. Britain makes pledge to try not to impress American sailors -2 weeks after treaty: battle of New Orleans: major naval victory for United States. After war of 1812: •Surge of American nationalism. •Increased confidence in efficacy of US navy and importance of funding navy Monroe Doctrine: 1823 -Key to US foreign policy. Defines American foreign policy even today Basis of ‘special relations’ with Americas.-imperialism President Monroe concerned with European intervention in Americas:
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-Jeopardize American security-Europeans gain more footholds-more landing points to threaten U.S. -Economic effects: if Europeans colonize, block out America from certain trading areas. -Two principal parts: -Further attempts to extend a sphere of influence into the Americas will be seen as a direct threat to American security. -In return U.S. will stay out of European affairs -Creates demarcation between American sphere of influence and European influence -Monroe doctrine backed by British: asked Monroe to make it a joint US/British declaration. Monroe made only American Britain (who had Canada) viewed Monroe doctrine as a way to prevent other European powers from Americas Civil War 1861: -French take advantage of America’s internal occupations- French fight Mexico -Mexico has outstanding debts to France and refuses to pay
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course 030 061 taught by Professor Lai during the Spring '08 term at University of Iowa.

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AFP-Notes - 1/28/2008 Concise History of American Foreign...

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