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Unformatted text preview: 1/24/2008 How to define Europe? Boundaries - political, geographic, cultural Geographic East vs West Post WWII soviet satellite states symbolic-not completely geographic Collapse of Soviet Union -> distinctions fade-Old eastern countries join NATO many now in EU-However: still many economic, political, cultural differences North vs South Germanic, Nordic, UK = north-Often thought of as more prosperous ->distinction now fading GDPs leveling out-Governmental distinctions still exist Old vs New Old - Judeo-Christian (often western Europe) New Muslim Large minorities (unconventional Europe) European Union Important western countries not members-Norway economic reasons industry-Iceland-Switzerland Some push for Israel to join-Economically, politically, culturally European Size France Largest : Malta Smallest Cultural Latin vs. Germanic Latin more southern Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, Romanian, Romansch Germanic German, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch 1/29/2008 After WWII dramatic change has occurred in very short period of time in Europe. Economic, infrastructural, cultural rebuilding Germany Y.A.L.T.A. February 1945 Churchill, Stalin, FDR (France not present) Preempted end of war but knew war was winding down. Territory: -Post war territory of Germany would be greatly diminished-Poland lost territory in east gained in west. Resettlement-Ethnic Germans in Poland and Czechoslovakia were expelled from territory of old German Reich-2/3 of the Germans forced to resettle flooded into west Germany Division of Germany-East Germany- Soviet Union -West Germany- Great Britain -Southeastern Germany - USA-Southwestern Germany France Division of Germany-Soviet Union gains control of anything east of East Germany Poland Czechoslovakia Hungary, Romania Bulgaria -Americans, British, and French couldnt challenge this influence-Known as Soviet satellite states-Warsaw Pact- counter-organization of NATO Potsdam Conference July 1945 Churchill, Stalin, Wilson (France not present) Officially do what was layed out in Y.A.L.T.A. All initially thought of not dividing Germany-US/UK didnt want Soviet Union to gain stronghold in a fractured Germany-Soviet Union thought under united Germany communism could easily take hold Gave nations power over their spheres in Germany Such different political, economic beliefs, decide to split Germany in two Divided into four zones planned in Y.A.L.T.A. for 4 years then split into two Economically- Germany one unit-each influence nation given power to take reparations from their zone in Germany Soviet Zone- Soviet goals: Re-establish German Communist Party (KPD) KPD to be principal rebuilding agent-Funnel ideology, resources, etc-Facilitator homegrown communist party Plunder resources of Soviet Zone to aid Soviet Union in internal reconstruction/to ensure that a reconstructed, revived Germany couldnt threaten...
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- Spring '08