History of BadmintonA badminton-like game was known in ancient Greece and Egypt - a game calledbattledore and shuttlecock - in which two players hit a feathered shuttlecock back andforth with tiny rackets.The game was played in India during the 18th Century, at which time it wascalled "Poona" . In the 1860s it was adopted by British Army officers stationed in India.The officers took the game back to England, whe it became a success at a party givenby the Duke of Beaufort in 1873 at his estate called "Badminton" in Gloucestershire.Size of Badminton CourtThe overalldimensionsof abadminton courtis 20 feet by 44 feet. The linesalong thesemeasurementsmark the sidelines for doubles play and long service lines forsingles play. The net line marks the middle of thecourtwhere the net is placed, creatinga 22 feet by 20 feet area on each side of the net.Badminton Net HeightThe net is 1.55 metres (5 ft1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 metres (5 ft) high in thecentre. The net posts are placed over the doubles sidelines, even when singles isplayed. The minimum height for the ceiling above the court is not mentioned in the Lawsof Badminton.
Badminton EquipmentTo play badminton, players will need a net, a shuttlecock, and at leasttwo rackets.The net crosses the center of the badminton court. It needs to be 5 feet 1 inch high atboth ends and 5 feet high in the center. The posts must be at the farthest sidelines, 20feet apart, for both singles and doubles play.Racketsmay be made of lots of materials, but modern badminton rackets are usuallymade of a carbon fiber composite. A square head is traditional, but many use an ovalhead shape now. The length must be no more than 680 millimeters and width must beno more than 230 mm. The head must be no more than 280 mm in length and 220 mmin width.The shuttlecock(also called a shuttle or a birdie) has a round base, usually made ofcork, covered in a thin layer of leather or other material. Stuck into the base are sixteenfeathers in a traditional shuttle. Most modern shuttles use plastic ''feathers'' insteadbecause they are less expensive and sturdier.Rules of the GameTwo or four people can play the game- two for singlesand four for doubles. Theplayers use their rackets to rally the shuttle, or pass the shuttle from side to side overthe net. If Team A fails to return a rally, that is a point for Team B.The game is played to 21 points. If the score is tied at 20 points, teams play until oneside leads by two points (i.e., 21-23). If the score is tied at 29 points, whoever makesthe next point wins. A team wins the match when they win two out of three games.The court is a 44-foot-long rectangle with a net at the midpoint. It should be 20 feet widefor doubles and 17 feet wide for singles. In practice, courts tend to be 20 feet wide withan inner line marking the sideline for singles. On each half of the court there is a left andright service court, a short service line, and a back service line.
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