ACOM100 test #1 review - -communication is symbolic-Symbol...

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-communication is symbolic -Symbol- arbitrary representation of something else *such as an object, idea, person, place, relationship - words, gestures, sounds, pictures can be symbols -no direct connection to what they represent -symbols must convey meaning , not particularly just one -meaning can vary throughout cultures/people - polysemy- having many possible meanings -language as symbols -dog, perro, chien, hund -meanings of symbols are socially constructed - gain meaning in society as they are used over time - Denotative Meaning- widely understood primary meaning of a symbol - Connotative Meaning- provided by secondary associations of a symbol -Restricted code- set of words that have a particular meaning to a person, group -Elaborated Code- convo using many words and ways to communicate a message -High context talk- must rely on context and relationship between people -Low context talk- straightforward message -High code- formal -Low code- informal -Langue- formal grammatical structure of language -Parole- how people actually use language -Convergence- similar speaking style -Divergence- speaker moves to another style of speech -Frames- help people understand their role/what’s expected of them in conversation - shared understanding of frames enable a coordinate conversation, people can make sense of what’s occurring - Frames are based off of a person’s perspective of relationships/situations - influence interactions and explain disagreements - people use frames to make decisions about what to do/say (symbols to use) and how they will be interpreted - need a shared background of what these symbols mean - communication and relationships are intertwined

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