Show the differences between Diotima's ladder of love...

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Lavinia Trifoi (500793469) CPHL 606 – Midterm Exam 1. Show the differences between Diotima's ladder of love in Plato's Symposium and Aristotle's theory of philia. Compare the process or style of thinking of each thinker, what this suggests about how we can understand the world, which theory you think is more accurate and why (give reasons, analogies, examples etc). Through the voice of Diatima, Socrates offers a deeper understanding of beauty, love and the concept of “ eros” through the use of the ladder of love. This metaphorical ladder outlines the spiritual, physical and conceptual aspects of beauty. Diatima’s ladder of love consists of six steps, beauty in a body, beauty in all bodies, beauty in a soul, beauty of customs and practices, beauty of knowledge and beauty itself. In contrast, Aristotle’s highest form of love, “ philia” focuses on relationships with others and appreciation of these connections. This concept is present in all relationships, not only in romantic ones. Aristotle’s philia” can be expressed as utility, pleasure and virtue. This virtue form, Aristotle states, is rare and it can only be reached if both people in the relationship are equally as morally developed. Aristotle also encourage the concept of self-love as the highest form, as without it, any other form is not possible. This contradicts Diatima’s concept of the of love, as self-love would not transcend past the first step. For Plato love is a higher value and is not characterized by any physical desire. In contrast, Aristotle states love is in the relationships we form with others. In his thinking, Plato utilizes the theory of Forms. Plato believes in the existence of one real version of all things and when our senses are used, we experience an imitation of this real version. He warns us against trusting everything we see, as we use our senses to examine them. This real versions or Forms are not to be examined with our sense but with our minds. It is only through critical thinking that we can see the different versions or forms and gain knowledge. Furthermore, Plato believed that core knowledge does not change, it is only the forms of the real version that change. Any knowledge on these different forms deteriorates and is everchanging. Aristotle’s thinking contradicted Plato’s idea of Forms. Aristotle’s focus is on the knowledge acquired through the act of observing and the purpose of all things. He introduces the idea that all things have a purpose and an obligation to fulfil that purpose. Aristotle contradicts his teacher, Plato, stating that forms are essential parts of an object and can’t be isolated from them. Therefore, it is crucial to study all forms of the object to gain valuable knowledge. This idea, I believe holds true.
Lavinia Trifoi (500793469) CPHL 606 – Midterm Exam Diotima’s ladder of love aims to cover multiple aspects and fashions in which love can emerge while Aristotle’s form of love— philia —only analyzes the importance of relationships

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