By: Sidney YoungSeptember 15, 2018Submitted to Mr. Nick PollaciaIn partial fulfillment of the requirements for US History IGeorgia Gwinnett CollegeBENEDICT ARNOLDBiographical Essay
History is an interesting topic for people who want to learn about what happened in the world’s past to get it to where it is currently. The world as we know it was built from the ground up and had primal beginnings. There were many events and people in the history of this planet that had a major influence on how countries and governments are run. The United States in particular is one of the most powerful countries in the world, and it’s had its fair share of defining moments. Our country is shaped by the people who lead it and those with the intent to do harm. One of these people was Benedict Arnold. He was a hero of the Revolutionary War wholater became one of the most infamous traitors in American history.Benedict Arnold was born on January 14, 1741 in Norwich, Connecticut. He was the son of a Hannah Waterman Kingiand Benedict Arnold Sr. . Young Benedict along with his father andolder brother were named after his great grandfather who was the former governor of the colony of Rhode Island. He had a total of 5 siblings, 2 brothers and 3 sisters. He attended private school in Canterbury. While there he lost two sisters and one brother to illness. His father was a successful businessman, but after a few poor business decisions and the deaths of 3 of his childreniithe family fell into financial hardshipiii. Lacking money Benedict had to withdraw from school and without proper parental control he often got into trouble. However, thanks to his mother’s business connections Benedict was able to get an apprenticeship at an apothecaryiv. In 1757 the age of 16 he did leave his apprenticeship a couple times during the French and Indian War to serve in the military, but he was still employed by his cousins. In 1759 his mother passed away due to Yellow Fever and his father passed away shortly after in 1761. Upon the deaths of both his parents Benedict assumed responsibility for his sister. He then went to Europe to gather supplies to start his own businessv. He established his new apothecary in New Haven and workedas a pharmacist and bookseller.
Arnold’s business was running smoothly and in 1764 he formed a partnership with a fellow merchant named Adam Babcock. The two of them bought trading ships and established trade connections in the West Indies. His business was prospering but he soon became frustrated with the taxes and restrictions imposed by the British. In 1764 Benedict secretly joined the Sons of Liberty when the Sugar Actviwas put in place and restricted mercantile trade. The Sons of Liberty were a secret organization that opposed British taxation laws in the colonies and fought for the rights of the colonists. In 1767 Arnold married Margaret Mansfield, who was the daughterof the sheriff of New Haven. Before the outbreak of the war Benedict had been named a Captain in the Governor’s Second Company of Guards. Benedict and Margaret had three sons in a period