Review_notes_for_second_exam - Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)...

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What is of value? The final end and ultimate value of human life is happiness (eudaimonia). Virtue is valuable for its own sake and for the sake of living a happy life. All other things that are of value are reliant on more remote ends for their value. [Nesting structure of ends] How do we determine what we ought to do? We first have to figure out what our function or nature is. Our end is determined by our nature. In the case of humans, our rational nature sets us apart from plants and animals and is the key to determining our unique purpose. We ought to maximize our function or nature – strive to be an excellent sort of person. Excellences of persons: virtues Active (not passive) Practical and intellectual How do we know what the virtues are? We are taught through moral education, habit! Virtuous living needs external goods in place We are trained to respond to our emotions (doctrine of the mean) To what extent is Aristotle a proponent of conventional morality? What looks like a defense of conventional morality:
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Review_notes_for_second_exam - Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)...

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