ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY FTL0353 ACADEMIC & CREATIVE WRITING LECTURER: MISS CATHY
HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE ARGUMENT ATIVE ESSAY:
PRE-WRITING Choose an appropriate, focused topic (ex: Airport Security) Explore and decide your position for this topic Predict opposing arguments Consider your audience and occasion Decide on which points you will argue (ex: Safe Traveler Card, etc.) Decide on which points you will refute in the concession (ex: Loss of privacy, etc.) Write a thesis that is focused, arguable, and opinionated (ex: If every US citizen had a Safe Traveler Card, airlines could screen for terrorists more effectively than they do now and avoid procedures that single out individuals solely on the basis of race.)
RESEARCH & EVIDENCE personal experiences (in this instance, it's okay to use the 1st person point of view —I, me, etc. to briefly give the personal evidence, then return back to 3rd person point of view Increasing workloads tax both physical and mental health. Unless a person is in a physically-intensive profession, a body will waste away with inactivity. [Begin personal example in 1st person] For example, when I began working as an accountant, I experienced a noticeable decline in my physical health. I found that I could not engage in sporting activities as easily as I had done in the past. [Now that the example has concluded, return to 3rd person] In addition to a decline in physical health, the diet suffers as more time is spent at work because people do not have the time to prepare healthy meals or, even worse, may not have time to eat at all.
RESEARCH & EVIDENCE (CON’T) the experiences of others, facts, statistics from current, reliable sources, hypothetical examples testimony from authorities and experts .
DECODE EVIDENCE Analyze the evidence for effectiveness. Select which of all the different gathered evidence you will use. Highlight and annotate your evidence. This will help you decide which parts of your evidence are strongest, and therefore appropriate for your essay. Decide what pieces of evidence you’d like to quote directly. Summarize and paraphrase the other pieces of evidence.
DRAFTING Consider Rogerian or Traditional techniques Create an argumentative outline Write the Essay!
REVISING Rethink the essay by: Evaluate purpose/ thesis / audience Arguments in the body paragraphs Style , clarity, and evidence Edit the essay Spelling Punctuation Mechanics Holistic Approach Read it again
REMEMBER TO... Argue logically, and avoid fallacies Use appropriate tone—the writer’s voice and not the spoken voice
CLAIMS OF FACT OR DEFINITION If you choose to make a claim of fact or definition, be sure that you choose a DEBATABLE fact or definition.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 58 pages?
- Fall '19
- Rhetoric, Writer, Argument map, Objection