What does the case of McCulloch v Maryland relate to? a. Congress chartered a bank that Maryland subsequently decided to tax Question from McCulloch v Maryland: Can federal government make a national bank? Can the state tax the federal govt if they created the bank? Degree of Centralization: ● Unitary System: ○ Regional govt is clearly subordinate to central govt ○ Central govt create/destroy regional govt ○ Example: Turkey ■ Majority of govt are unitary ● Confederal ○ Central govt is subordinate to regional govt ○ Example: Serbia and Montenegro (2003-06) ■ Currently no govt are true confederal ■ US was a confederal govt under Article of Confederations (1776-87) ● Federal ○ Central govt and regional govt have dual sovereignty ○ Has the advantages of unitary and confederal govt ○ Example: US, Canada, India ■ Some are classified as federation, but not as unitary ○ US adopted federal system with the 1787 Constitution Federalism in US ● Regional and National govt have power to maintain order, make laws, spend money, and provide services ● Federalism organizes and coordinate actions of smaller govt to achieve bigger, unified goals ○ Foster commerce ○ Ensure national defense State’s Rights from the US Constitution ● Equal representation in the US Senate
● 10th Amendment ● Power to ○ Tax ○ Maintain a militia ○ Regular in-state commerce Eras of Federalism Dual Federalism (1789-1930): ● An era in US govt history where most powers were strictly separated between federal and state govt ● State and federal had the truest form of dual sovereignty ● Characterized by Layer Cake federalism ○ Clear division of responsibilities between state and national govt i. Federal ii. State iii. Local Cooperative Federalism (1930-1960) ● An era in US govt history since the New Deal where state and national govt cooperated in achieving nationwide prosperity ● Categorical Grant: ○
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- Fall '19
- Federalism, Supreme Court of the United States, national govt, central govt, Regional govt